Titanium

By: Emma Hardy

History

Titanium was discovered by William Gregor in 1791. Several years later, the element was rediscovered in the ore rutile by a German chemist, Klaproth. The pure elemental metal was not made until 1910 by Matthew A. Hunter, who heated TiCl4 together with sodium in a steel bomb at 700-800°C.

Titanium's role in biology and geology

Titanium has no biological role, but it is in geology. Titanium is in meteorites and has also been detected in the sun. Some lunar rocks contain high concentrations of TiO2.

Uses of Titanium

Titanium is used in fireworks and is used for alloys with with aluminium, molybdenum, manganese, iron, and other metals.

Description and Properties and Information.

Titanium is a white metal when pure and is silvery metallic. It has low destiny, good strength, easily fabricated and is considered to be physically inert.


Symbol- Ti

Atomic Number- 22

Atomic Weight- 47.867

Group- 4

Period- 4

Color- White when pure, silvery metallic

Intresting Facts

  • The element is the ninth most abundant in the earth's crust.
  • Titanium is resistant to dilute sulphuric and hydrochloric acid, most organic acids, damp chlorine gas, and chloride solutions.
  • Some lunar rocks contain high concentrations of the dioxide, TiO2.
  • Named after the "Titans".
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