Unit 4 Vocab

By: Alex Rodriguez

1. Red Scare

The belief that the strikes occurring were a part of the spread of communism. This resulted in the deportation of immigrants and also limitations being set on immigration.

2. Palmer Raids

The government making arrests with little evidence to justify them. This targeted immigrants and many were arrested for no reason which also lead to many of their deportations.

3. Nativism

A preference for people who are born in your country and wanting to limit immigration. This caused for and increase in racism in the 1920s because many were battling for jobs which most immigrants filled.

4. Eugenics

False science which called for the improvement of heredity traits. This "science" was used by nativists to support their arguments against immigration and also stated that immigrants should not be able to reproduce.

5. Ku Klux Klan

A white supremacy group which targeted groups they believed had un-American values. Their number of members increased in the 1920s due to their more normalized appearance and also their lead in restricting immigration.

6. Fundamentalism

A movement that was solely based on interpretation of the Bible. This movement rejected the Theory of Evolution and believed that all knowledge could be found in the Bible rather than science.

7. Prohibition

The banning of the manufacture and sale of alcohol which occurred when the 18th Amendment was passed. This caused for an increase in crime because many people would still sell alcohol and gangs became more apparent due to their profit of selling alcohol.

8. Speakeasy

A place that illegally sells alcohol secretly. They were mostly for the rich and sometimes sold bootleg alcohol which caused an increase in alcohol poisoning.

9. Flappers

Women who went against the common lifestyle of an average woman and wore more make-up, shorter dresses and had shorter hair. They were frowned upon because they were believed to give feminists a bad name and also went against the traditions of women.

10. Surrealism

An artistic style which connects the dream world with that of real life. This movement was inspired by Sigmund Freud and were centered on a central message.

11. Cubism

The artistic style that reassembled objects in and abstract form by breaking them up and analyzing them. This style was created by Pablo Picasso and often portrayed subjects to where they could not recognize themselves.

12. Art Deco

An artistic style that conveyed elegance and sophistication by using sleek streamlined forms. This type of art was popular in the 1920s.

13. Les Fauves

An artistic style that focuses on perfection of color rather than the appearance of what the subject actually looks like. This style used very bright colors that blended together to make an image.

14. Model T

A model of car made by Ford that any average person could afford due to its mass production. This caused for the suburbs to be created because people could now live out of the city they worked in.

15. Harlem Renaissance

The African American artistic movement that took place in the 1920s. With this movement came the invention of the new style of music known as Jazz

16. Back to Africa Movement

The encouragement of people who are of African descent to return back to Africa where their ancestors lived. This movement told African Americans that if they stayed in America they would always be a minority.


An organization that pushed for racial equality in America. They publicized the lynchings that were occurring during the 1920s to push for that racial equality and to demonstrate what was happening to minorities.

18. Jazz

A new style of music that came about during the 1920s due to the Harlem Renaissance. This style of music became very popular in this era and involved the use of trumpets and upbeat rhythms inspired by African songs.

19. Installment Plans

Buying items with money that you don't have.This allowed people to make payments on a weekly, monthly or yearly basis.

20. 18th Amendment

This Amendment banned the manufacturing and sale of alcohol. This caused for speakeasies to become more common in cities and also increased crime rates due more people selling illegal alcohol.

21. 19th Amendment

This amendment gave women the right to vote. This was passed because of their many contributions during the war.

22. 21st Amendment

This Amendment repealed the 18th and allowed for alcohol to be sold and manufactured again. This amendment ended prohibition and made many people happy that they could now drink peacefully.

23. National Origins Act

An act that limited immigration to 2% of total people in any ethnic group in the U.S. This restricted immigrants from the Eastern and Southern hemisphere but not the Western.

24. Volstead Act

The act that enforced the 18th amendment. This aided in preventing the manufacture and sale of alcohol in the 1920s.

25. Sacco and Vaneztti

Two immigrants who were accused of murder and theft who were sentenced to death due to false accusations based on their race. They were believed to be anarchists which was the governments sole evidence of why they were the people who committed murder.

26. Scopes Trial

This was the case of a biology teacher who taught the Theory of Evolution to his class in Tennessee even though it was illegal. This trial became a national affair and Scopes was found guilty but this was later overturned.

27. Al Capone

The leader of organized crime. He controlled things by killing competitors and anybody who dared to challenge him.

28. Warren Harding

He became President in 1920 and was involved in many scandals during his time in office. One of the most famous scandals he was involved in was the Teapot Dome scandal in which one of the people he hired leased land that contained U.S Navy oil reserves.

29. Calvin Coolidge

He became president after Harding and was able to restore the dignity of the president by being more strict to a schedule and holding more authority characteristics than Harding. He authorized an investigation of the Teapot Dome scandal and got things back on track.

30. Marcus Garvey

He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League and also the Black Star Line. He pushed for African Americans to return back to Africa because he believed that they would not be able to prosper in America.

31. Zora Neale Huston

She was a famous icon during the Harlem Renaissance due to her advances in writing. Her writings were based on the lives of African American people and she wrote a series of African American folk tales.

32. Langston Huston

He was a famous poet during the 1920s who used black themes and heritage in his writing and incorporated things such as jazz into his poetry. He was an icon of the Harlem Renaissance because of his superior skills in writing.

33. Louis Armstrong

He was a famous Jazz trumpeter, composer and singer who was very inspirational in this style of music. He became very famous during the 1920s because Jazz music was very popular during that time

34. Luke Ellington

He was a famous band leader, pianist and composer of jazz music during the 1920s. He is considered a big leader in the Jazz genre because of the various songs he composed and has the largest record of recorded Jazz music.