Nikhil Kesarla-1st Period
Election of Grant and Bloody Shirt Campaign
Corruption during Gilded Age
The most infamous example of machine politics was Tammany Hall, headquarters of the Democratic Party in New York City. Headed by William Marcy Tweed, the Tammany Hall political machine of the late 1860s and early 1870s used graft, bribery, and rigged elections to milk the city of over $200 million. A brilliant political cartoonist Thomas Nast conveyed Tweed’s abuses to even the illiterate and semi-illiterate masses of recent immigrants. Nast was offered a $100,000 bribe to "study art in Paris," a euphemism for discontinuing his pictorial campaign against Tweed. Nast refused despite even higher offers. Tweed was then exposed and found guilty at trial. This example serves as the epitomy of the business mindset of this age.
Compromise of 1877
Taking after Henry Clay, the newest “Compromise” of 1877 had significant effects to the United States. This Compromise was unofficial, and resulted largely in part because of the hotly contested election of 1876. The Democrats reluctantly allowed Rutherford B. Hayes to retain his presidency and get re-elected, in exchange for several concessions. First, they demanded for the North to officially stop military reconstruction in the two remaining states of Louisiana and South Carolina. Also, the South asked for the a bill to start a Texas and Pacific railroad construction. Though some promises were not kept, including this bill, it was enough to break the electoral standoff and allow for a shaky peace to be maintained.