DRSABCD action plan

In an emergency call 000 for an ambulance.


Ensure the area is safe for yourself, others and the patient.


Check for response-ask name-squeeze shoulders.

NO response. Response.

-send for help. -make comfortable

-check for injuries

-monitor response.

SEND for help

Call triple zero.


Open mouth-if foreign material is present. Take it out.


Check for breathing-look, listen and feel.


Start CPR-30 chest compressions : 2 breaths


Use defibrillator.


A person chokes when the airway is partly or totally blocked. Infants and small children love to put things in their mouths. Both toys and food may be responsible. Peanuts and hard sweets are especially dangerous for children under five.

If coughing doesn't remove the blockage, call 000 for an ambulance.

If unsuccessful, bend casualty well forward and give up to five sharp blows between the shoulder blades. Check to see if the obstruction has been relieved after each back blow.