(The Night of Broken Glass)

November 9th, 1938

On the evening of November 9, 1938 the Jewish citizens broke out violently across the Reich. It seemed unplanned by the Germans` anger over the assassination of a German official by the hands of a Jewish adolescent in Paris. German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and other Nazi officials carefully organized some pogroms. Two days later over 250 synagogues were burned, 7,000 businesses were ransacked, dozens of Jewish people were killed, and Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes were trashed while the police and fire brigades stood by and watched. The pogroms came to be known as Kristallnacht, the "Night of Broken Glass", since the glass windows of Jewish businesses were shattered and lying on the streets.

Pictures of Kristallnacht

Picture Descriptions

  1. Picture 1 shows the roll call for newly arrived prisoners, mostly Jews arrested during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"), at the Buchenwald concentration camp. Buchenwald, Germany, 1938.
  2. Picture 2 shows a Shattered storefront of a Jewish-owned shop destroyed during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"). Berlin, Germany, November 10, 1938.
  3. Picture 3 shows a synagogue in Oberramstadt burns during Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"), firefighters instead save a nearby house. Local residents watch as the synagogue is destroyed. Oberramstadt, Germany, November 9-10, 1938.