The Enlightenment period

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Social contract


The idea of the social contract is one of the foundations of the American political system. This is the belief that the state only exists to serve the will of the people, and they are the source of all political power enjoyed by the state. They can choose to give or withhold this power.

Laissez faire


is an economic environment in which transactions between private parties are free from government restrictions, tariffs, and subsidies, with only enough regulations to protect property rights

Separation of powers


Separation of powers, therefore, refers to the division of government responsibilities into distinct branches to limit any one branch from exercising the core functions of another. The intent is to prevent the concentration of power and provide for checks and balances.

Deism

Deism is a theological position concerning the relationship between "the Creator" and the natural world. Deistic viewpoints emerged during the scientific revolution of 17th-century Europe and came to exert a powerful influence during the eighteenth century enlightenment.

John Locke

was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work greatly affected the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence
All About the Enlightenment The Age of Reason

Art

The way that art changed during the Enlightenment is that it moved towards Neoclassical forms with more renovated ideas. Before arts were just plain large and elegant paintings that had fewer characteristics. The various paints that came along with this generation also incorporated many of the philosophies in their paintings.