Indigenous Health Belief :

Spiritual Resources in Health Reproductive Education Program

Nurlaela Widyarini, S.Psi., M.Si (Ketua)/ 0029057501 dan Siti Nur'Aini, S.Psi., M.Si (Anggota/001202770.

email : nurlaela@unmuhjember.ac.id

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Faculty of Psychology, Muhammadiyah University of Jember

Background

Based on the analysis of the implementation of the MDGs until 2013 , maternal and infant mortality rate is still high. One of the factors that caused this condition are lack of knowledge about reproductive health. In order to increase knowledge about adolescent reproductive health, the involvement of culture as a community based health promotion is strategic program. This study aimed to explore the indigenous health belief as spiritual resources in adolescent reproductive health education.

Method

This research is a survey research with quantitative approach. There are 26 subjects (females and not married) from Ngadisari Village, Probolinggo District, East Java who contribute in this research. We used indigenous health belief (I-HB) scale (43 items; α= .96) and reproductive health Scale (15 items; α= .819) for collecting data.

Result

The results showed that subjects have strong indigenous health belief with based on religious values ​​. Individuals will asses or analyze the problem related with health reproductive in a more holistic and positive way and this condition associated with the potential to improve themselves in addressing the issue . On the other hand , involvement with religious communities can increase the knowledge of individuals in understanding the problems, find the alternative solution and improve their wellbeing . The communication that exists intensively with the spiritual leader is part of the directives to act appropriately .

Age, level of education and indigenous health belief which consists of purposes aspect of religion in coping, religious appraisals of the events and activities of religious coping are good predictors in influencing the reproductive health ( F=3.640 ; p<.05 ) .influencing the reproductive health (F=3.640 ; p<.05) .

Summary

The results showed that age, level of education and indigenous health belief which consists of purposes aspect of religion in coping, religious appraisals of the events and activities of religious coping are good predictors in influencing the reproductive health ( F=3.640 ; p<.05).

Acknowledgement

This study was supported by research grant from Directorate General of Higher Education, Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia. We thank our undergraduate volunteers; The Government of Probolinggo Regency and the participants who made this study possible.

Suggested Reading

Hawks, S. 2004. Spiritual Wellness, Holistic Health, and the Practice of Health Education. American Journal of Health Education 35. 1 (Jan/Feb 2004): 11-16. Copyright 2012 ProQuest LLC. All rights reserved.

Pargament., Kenneth I. 1997. The Psychology of Religion and Coping : Theory, Research, Practice. The Guilford Press. New York.

Son, Joonmo And Wilson, John. 2011 Religiosity, Psychological Resources, And Physical Health. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion (2011) 50(3):588–603