Events Leading up to the Civil War

Aoife Khan

The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 made the Southern and Northern States agree by continuing to let the Southern States have slave trade but they would have to give the the New Mexico territory to the Northern States for $10 million which was enough to cover Texas's debt. It also made California a free sate. Slave trade would also discontinue in Washington D.C. This compromise led to the Fugitive Slave Act, which made the runaway slaves that went to the Northern States and Canada through the Underground Railroad have to be returned to the rightful owners.

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

This law upset many abolitionists as did the slaves. It made sure that the runaway slaves we're to be taken back to their owners if they we're caught. Although this act was not very strict, many states would not act upon this so the capturing had to be done by the government.It was one of the most powerful grips the government took because it was more involved.

The Dred Scott Decision of 1857

Dred Scott, a slave that was sold from his first master Peter Blow to John Emerson in 1830. John was not mean like most slave owners, but he later married a women that had a rude quality. John passed a few years after and left the Scott slave family with Mrs. Emerson. Irene Emerson had separated each slave family member into other homes for other families, and this didn't settle well with Dred. He filed a lawsuit to fight for the freedom of his family. This was also a reason why the states had the civil war.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

Kansas and Nebraska wanted to become states so they had to decide if they wanted to be a slave state or a free state. They became a slave state and bought weapons for those that didn't agree with this decision. Many wished them luck into this treacherous journey they were going to embark on.

John Brown's Raid of 1859

John Brown was an abolitionist that was determined and very strong willed. He brought men to fight off slavery and even armed slaves, little did he know that his plan wouldn't go exactly the way he wanted it. Many of his men were either killed or captured. After a few years John was captured and taken to court, he was pronounced guilty and was hung on December 2, 1859 at the age of 59.


The Compromise of 1850:


The Fugitive Law of 1850:


Dred Scott Decision of 1857:


The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854:


John Brown's Raid of 1859: