Railroads

The new and fastest way of transportation

History of the railroad

  • Railroad history in the United States is nearly as old as the country itself, dating back to the mid-1820s
  • the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first U.S. railway chartered for commercial transport of passengers and freight
  • The first railroad was only 13 miles long, and the last living signer of Declaration of Independence, Charles Carell, put in the first stone of the railroad
  • In the 50's, the railroad riders decreased due to automobiles and airplanes

Inventors

  • First ever locomotive was made by Richard Trevithick from Abercynon, Wales to Merthyr Tydfil
  • The first railroad charter in North America was granted to Stevens in 1815.
  • John Stevens created the first train in 1825
  • George Stephenson created the first locomotive in 1825 and they became partners

Advantages

  • It facilitates long distance travel and transport of bulky goods which are not easily transported through motor vehicles.
  • It is a quick and more regular form of transport because it helps in the transportation of goods with speed and certainty.
  • It encourages mobility of labor ad thereby provides a great scope for employment.
  • Railway is the safest form of transport. The chances of accidents and breakdown of railways are minimum as compared to other modes of transport. Moreover, the traffic can be protected from the exposure to sun, rain snow etc.
  • The carrying capacity of the railways is extremely large. Moreover, its capacity is elastic which can easily be increased by adding more wagons.

Disadvantages

  • . The railway requires a large investment of capital. The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are very high as compared to other modes of transport. Moreover, the investments are specific and immobile. In case the traffic is not sufficient, the investments may mean wastage of huge resources.
  • Railway transport is unsuitable and uneconomical for short distances and small traffic of goods.
  • The train runs on coal which badly damages the air

How did it affect North Dakota and what was its importance

  • Railroad building resumed at a fierce tempo. The Northern Pacific, the Great Northern, the Soo Line, and the Milwaukee railroads laid track into all parts of the state.
  • Made Traveling much faster and more efficient throughout the state
  • Brought travels around the nation to the oil boom and made us one of the fastest growing states.
Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact