The Savannah Times

By: Jeff Zhan

Wait... Who? Why?

Georgia was founded by James Edward Oglethorpe in 1732. Coming from Britain, the former general and member of the Parliament hope to resettle Britain's poor by giving them a new life in Georgia where they could receive land in exchange for some tax money on the crops grown. Eventually King George II did approve of Oglethorpe to start this new colony and thus Georgia was born.

Interestingly enough, Georgia was actually previously visited by the Spaniards. However, after a few skirmishes with the British they eventually retreated back to what is now considered to be present day Florida.

What's so good about Georgia?

Georgia was the colony that was the farthest south. Due to the generally mild climate and temperate land with very many grasslands and few hills and mountains, most of the economic trades and exports that occurred were cotton and tobacco. Most of the times, Georgia would end up trading its farmed goods to the North and the rest of the world in exchange for utilities that could be hardly found in Georgia. Georgia did have a major seaport for exports in the form of Savannah where the initial Georgia colony was founded. Through the seaport, some of the more wealthier people eventually were able to obtain slaves through the middle passage in order to assist in the tedious work.

Another thing that was good about Georgia was it's government. Initially, the King had set up several trustees to run Georgia. Eventually in the mid 1700's, the British King did allow for Savannah to have a group of delegates to relay concerns about the colony to the trustees. Because of this system, Georgia was given the title Royal Colony which gave the colonists some freedom that other colonies did not have.

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Important Stuff and People

In 1670 the Britain and Spain had a treaty to determine who would get the east coast of North America. Eventually Britain did gain control of land that was later founded as Georgia.

In 1732 King George II issued Georgia first official charter; trustees chose Savannah as colony's first settlement; agreement reached between Lower Creek Indians and colonists. This agreement was known as the Treaty of Savannah and effectively started Georgia.

In 1741 trustees divided Georgia into two counties - Savannah and Frederica.

In 1742 there was a battle names, Battle of Bloody Marsh, which was between Spanish and English; English stopped invasion of St. Simons Island.

In 1749 Law prohibiting slavery rescinded.

in 1752 Trustees surrendered charter to British government; Georgia became royal colony.

James Oglethorpe Founder of the Georgia Colony who was inspired to start colony by the death of his friend, (Robert Castell) in debtor's prison in England

Robert Castell A man who influenced his friend, James Oglethorpe, decision to set prisoners free. He died in jail from a disease and such bad condition in the cell.

Tomochichi Chief of the Yamacraw tribe Friend to James Oglethorpe through John and Mary Musgrove (interpreters) who allowed Oglethorpe and colonists to settle on Yamacraw bluff (his tribe's land), overlooking the Savannah River.

21 trustees King George II put James Oglethorpe responsible for them. And they lasted for 21 years.

King George II Charity was the reason of Georgia and in 1732, he granted a charter for creating Georgia.

Mary Musgrove 1/2 Native American, 1/2 White woman who translated between Yamacraw Chief Tomochichi and Oglethorpe. Married to John Musgrove, with whom she helped run a trading post in the area near what would become Savannah.

Sam Nunes A physician, who was one of the first Jewish immigrants to enter the Georgia colony in 1733.

William Stephens Migrated from England to Savannah in 1737 to serve as secretary of Trustee Georgia. He became involved in the administrative and economic life of the colony and served in the office of president from 1741 to 1751.

John Reynolds A captain in the British royal navy, served as Georgia's first royal governor from 1754 to 1757.

Henry Ellis The second royal governor of Georgia, has been called "Georgia's second founder. " Under the leadership of Ellis, Georgians learned how to govern themselves.

James Wright Last Georgia governor who answered to the King. He opened treaties to white settlement, boosting his popularity. He left when British evacuated Georgia.