Gray Wolf

Endangered Species Project


The common name of the gray wolf is Gray wolf, Tundra Wolf, Arctic wolf, Timber Wolf, Plains wolf, And Common wolf.

Binomial Nomenclature (scientific name) Canis lupus. Its Meaning: Gray Wolf, Timber Wolf, Arctic Wolf, Grey Wolf, Mexican Wolf, Plains Wolf, Common Wolf, Tundra Wolf, Wolf.

Threat Level: Endangered

Habitat information

Biome: Arctic tundra to dense forests, to mountains, to dry scrublands.

Habitat within the biome: woodlands, forests, grasslands and deserts.

Geographical Region: Alaska, northern Michigan, northern Wisconsin, western Montana, northern Idaho, northeast Oregon and the Yellowstone area of Wyoming.

Community Interactions

Mutualistic: Raven

Commensalistic: The Ravens follow the wolves, Where ever the wolves are the ravens are going to be there too, to pick up the scrapes and to play with the wolves by diving at them and quickly flying away or biting at their tails to the the wolves to chase them

Parasitic: Tape-worms are the Gray wolfs worst parasite.

Predator/Prey: Predator

Feeding Relationships:

The Gray Wolf is a Carnivore, It eats meat, mainly big hoofed animals like deer, moose, mountain goats, and bison. They also hunt birds, fish, beavers and Hares.

Human Impact

How have humans impacted your endangered species?

Humans have affected many species of animals, but one of the most affected is the gray wolf. Once Gray wolves over populated the western mountains and deep forest in colorado but are now very scarce, Hunting gray wolves started around the early 1900’s, while wolves lived their and roamed free many humans shot a wolf on sight. Hunters also over hunt elk in the Mountains although hunting is very limited, hunters sometimes ignore that making food for the Gray wolf scarce to come by, so the Gray wolves will roam to find more food causing conflicts with farmers and other Human elements. That’s the human impact on Gray Wolves


How does your Organism reproduce? The Gray wolf is Sexual Reproduction because for a Gray wolf to have offsprings it needs to have two partners.

Does it have any interesting mating rituals? The Gray wolves only Mate between the months of January and March, The alpha female and male are the only ones that breed.

Do your organism's cells reproduce through mitosis, meiosis, or both? The Gray Wolf cell reproduction is Meiosis


What is the FULL taxonomic name of your organism? Canis lupus

Using the binomial nomenclature names, find some other organisms that are closely related to your organism. Canis lupus has 40 subspecies currently described, including the dingo, Canis lupus dingo, and the domestic dog, Canis lupus familiaris, and many subspecies of wolf throughout the Northern Hemisphere

What special adaptations has your organism developed to make it well suited to its environment? The gray wolf has many special adaptations. Their coats are made up of wooly fur to provide insulation and long guard hairs to keep out moisture. The gray wolf's large paws have fleshy pads and claws for traction and can spread to provide better support in snow. A wolf's jaw can clamp down with the force of 500 pounds per square inch or more. Their canine teeth can tear into flesh and puncture thick ungulate hides. Their back teeth can crush bones. Their small intestine digests most of the meat, allowing them to store great quantities of food in their stomach.

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Work Cited

Henke, Douglas. "Humans Impact Wolves." Humans Impact Wolves. Douglas Henke, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.

D., Mech L. "Support the." Canis Lupus (Arctic Wolf, Common Wolf, Gray Wolf, Grey Wolf, Mexican Wolf, Plains Wolf, Timber Wolf, Tundra Wolf, Wolf). SSC Wolf Specialist Group, 07 Jan. 2019. Web. 20 May 2016.

Sullivian, Lone Wolf. "The Wolf and Ravens." The Wolf and Ravens. Lone Wolf Sullivian, 28 Jan. 2012. Web. 20 May 2016.

Julia Smith, Tanya Dewey. "Canis Lupus (gray Wolf)." Animal Diversity Web. Tanya Dewey and Julia Smith, 01 Jan. 2002. Web. 20 May 2016.

"Physical Adaptation of the Gray Wolf." Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.

Pictures Cited

"Mammals | Wolf." Wolf. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.

"Yellowstone Wolf Photography Tour | Photo Expeditions." Yellowstone Wolf Photography Tour | Photo Expeditions. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.

"Fallow Deer." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.

"Adapters Best Manufacturers." Wolves Adaptations. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.

"Dingo (taxon)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 20 May 2016.