Culture War and The Supreme Court
Kimberly Anderson 2nd
Roe vs Wade
The Rights Involved: The freedom of choice, woman's rights, constitutional rights.
Impact: After filing a lawsuit against Henry Wade, Dallas District Attorney, Doe won and the Texas Federal Court ruled that the banding of abortion was unconstitutional.
Historical Significants: Ever since this court case, woman have been given the chance to abort their child freely in the state of Texas.
Lawrence vs Texas
The Rights Involved: Homosexuality rights, rights of liberty, rights of privacy.
Impact: Lambda Legal fought for years to overturn the criminal convictions and to have the Texas law declared unconstitutional. After uncooperation from the Texas courts, they went to the US Supreme Court and they ruled the "Homosexual Conduct" law to be unconstitutional.
Historical Significants: Even though homosexuals aren't treated as equally, they are now allowed to express their relationships in public without harassment from the law.
Santa Fe Independent School District vs Doe
The Rights Involved: The Establishment Clause, Separation of Church and State.
Impact: The court ruled that a pre game prayer does in fact violate the Establishment Clause even though the prayer technically didn't come from a government official because it came from a student.
Historical Significants: Several cases like this have emerged throughout history further emphasizing how preaching religion in public school settings is against the Constitution.
United States vs Virginia
The Rights Involved: The rights of gender equality, the rights of equality in general.
Impact: VMI tried to offer a compromise by saying they would set up an all woman parallel program in another location, but it was shot down and the court decision was that the VMI was in fact in violation of the constitution.
Historical Significants: This court case mainly has to do with equality of gender, so now their is more of a balance in big businesses and corporations of men and woman.