2nd Degree Burns

By: Marcy Jacobs

What is a 2nd degree burn?

2nd degree burns are a very serious type of burn because damage is done beyond the top layer of skin. This type of burn causes the skin to blister and become very red and sore. Some 2nd degree burns pop, giving the burn a wet appearance. Over time, thick, soft, scab-like tissue (fibrinous exudate) might form over the wound.


What causes 2nd degree burns?

Mostly, 2nd degree burns are cause by hot water, flames from a fire, sunburn, chemicals, electricity, and skin that briefly comes in contact with any hot object. These very dangerous burns can build up infection in them over time. The area that was burnt might stay darker or lighter than the other skin around it. Also, the skin that was affected, may be sensitive to sunlight while the healing process occurs.


Can it be transmitted?

These very dangerous burns can not be transmitted. They can not be spread to other people by touching them or even being near them being near them. You physically have to be burnt in some way to get 2nd degree burns. Although they can not be transmitted from people to people, infection can spread easily on your own body if you don't treat the burn like your suppose to.


What are the symptoms?

There are many different symptoms for 2nd degree burns, because every burn is different and has to be treated differently. The burn can look like a big, giant blister, have very deep redness to the skin, it may look wet, or shiny. The burn can also be white or discolored in an irregular pattern. The skin will be very, very painful to touch, so it is best keep it covered and treat it like your suppose to.


How can you treat or cure these burns?

Now the real question you've been asking yourself, "How do you treat them?", well I'll tell you now.

1. Rinse the burn in cool water temperature. The cool water lowers the body temperature and stops the burn from becoming too serious. Do NOT use ice cold water to rinse the burn, because it could cause tissue damage.

2. Clean the burn with mild soap and water, but don't clean it with your hands or anything dirty because that can cause infection to the blisters. Also, do NOT break the blisters. Next, pat the damaged area with a dry, clean towel and apply antibiotic ointment to the area. Do NOT put sprays or butter on burns because it traps the heat inside the burn, which we want out.

3. Bandage the burn, but not if the blisters are not opened up. Put a bandage on if you know your clothes will irritate the burn. If you put a bandage on, make sure you put it on loosely, because you don't want a lot of pressure on the burned skin.

4. Lastly, if the burn is on a leg or arm make sure to keep it raised to decrease swelling. Also, keep the leg or arm movement normal so the skin doesn't heal too tightly, which can limit movement in that area for a long time.


Interesting facts:

Acceptable nutrition, including liquids and electrolytes, is essential when recovering from these painful burns

The condition of the burn is judged by the amount of body surface area (BSA) involved as well as the depth of the burn.


Brandon's Burns
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