Spain

Caleb Thompson, Maddy Giddens, Sydney Stevens

Where is Spain?

Spain is on a peninsula in southern Europe. It is to the right of Portugal. The capital city is Madrid. Madrid is located at 40° 25' N, 3° 42' W.

What seasons does Spain have and what causes them?

Spain has all four seasons, they just occur at different times than seasons in America do. Spain has winter from December to mid-March, while we have winter from December to April. They have spring from mid-March through May while our spring is from April to June. Their summer and fall are the same as ours though. The reason their winter and spring are just a little bit different is because Spain is higher that America on the Earth. The tilt of the Earth then makes our summer and fall the same as theirs when the Earth rotates.


Landforms


  • Atlantic Ocean: This was formed by 1,000 years of non-stop rain.
  • Mediterranean Sea: This was formed by the flooding of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Biscay Bay: This was formed where weak rocks were swept away by water.
  • Canary Islands: These were formed when the continents broke apart.
  • Meseta Plateau: This was formed by land pushing together.
  • Tabernas Desert: This was formed by lots of wind.
  • Ebro Delta: This was formed by sand being carried by the Ebro River.
  • Ebro River: This was formed by lots of rainfall and erosion.
  • Ebro Valley: This was formed by the moving of Earth's crust.
  • Finisterre Cape: This was formed by the changes in the amount of water in the Atlantic Ocean.


Climate

The temperature in Spain doesn't change very much. This is because it is really small and close to the water. This makes the land heat up and cool down faster than the water. Also, the climate in Spain is affected by the ocean currents. If an ocean current is warm, it makes the temperature on land warmer too. If an ocean current is cold, it makes the temperature on land colder. The currents bring the heat or coolness to the land and take away the heat or coolness when they go back to the ocean. Since Spain is surrounded by cold ocean currents, it usually has colder temperatures on land.

Biomes

In Spain, there are different kinds of biomes. The three main ones are shrublands, coniferous forests, and grasslands. Spain is on the Earth between 30 and 40* north and south of the equator. This means that is has areas of shrublands. Shrublands don't have a lot of rain during the year. Also, they have cool winters and hot summers. Another biome found is spain is the coniferous forest. Spain has all 4 seasons, and areas that have cold winters and warm summers. This means that it must have coniferous forests. Finally, there are grasslands in Spain. Grasslands are areas that get a good amount of rain throughout the year. Also, they have temperatures that can change widely throughout the year.

(Cool fact: every continent except Africa has grasslands!

Natural Disasters

There are many disaster that happen in Spain, but one of the most common is earthquakes. An earthquake is like a wave that goes through the ground in all directions and shakes the ground. When this wave hits a town or a city it can destroys a lot of the buildings there and can kill. But some Earthquakes are so small that you can't even feel them. An earthquake is made when the the ground moves really fast. When an earthquake happen under the ocean a tsunami is made. A tsunami is a giant wave that washes almost everything off the beach, and many people can drown.

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