Marine toxins (Ciguatoxin)

Matthew Penninger

Symptoms

Common symptoms of Marine Toxins include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Causes

The main Cause of Marine Toxins is by eating certain seafood contaminated by naturally occurring chemicals.

Treatments

Common treatments include:

  • Supportive care
  • Antihistamines
  • Epinephrine
  • If serious intravenous mannitol can be used

Deaths

It is estimated that 1 person dies every 4 years from Marine Toxins.

# of ilnesses

There are approximately 30 cases of poisoning caused by Marine Toxins.

Prevention

To best prevent poisoning:

  • Keep fresh tuna, mackerel, grouper, and mahi mahi refrigerated to prevent development of histamine. Don't believe that cooking spoiled or toxic seafood will keep you safe. These toxins are not destroyed by cooking.
  • Do not eat finfish or shellfish sold as bait.
  • Check with officials before eating local shellfish