Three Principles that Enhance Classroom Management and Promote Responsibility
- Be positive!
- Change negative statements into positive ones.
- Example: "No running" becomes "We walk in the hallways."
- Offer students three choices in any situation.
- Having choices empowers the student.
- Students are prompted to think rather than react when presented with choices.
- Example: "Would you rather finish the form (1) in your seat, (2) in the back of the room, or (3) in the office?"
- Control is only temporary and does not engender change within others.
- Asking reflective questions is more effective than telling someone what to do.
- Example: "What would an extraordinary human do in this situation?"
The Raise Responsibility System
- It is crucial to teach students the four development levels.
- The higher levels are more desirable.
- D - Democracy (Highest Level)
Democracy and responsibility
- C - Cooperation/Conformity
Conforms to peer pressure
- B - Bossing/Bullying
Breaks laws and standards
Must be bossed to behave
- A - Anarchy (Lowest Level)
Absence of order
Aimless and chaotic
Checking for Understanding:
- Handle disruptions by having students reflect on their own level of behavior.
- Separating the student from the action helps eliminate the student's need to be defensive about his/her behavior.
- The purpose is to stop the disruption and give the student a responsibility producing activity and/or to develop a procedure to redirect future impulses.
- Dignity is preserved and confrontation is avoided by having the student make the decision.
Benefits of this Practice
- Reduce discipline referrals, class removals, and suspensions.
- Handles classroom disruptions simply and easily.
- Uses authority without resorting to punishment.
- Raises individual and social responsibility.
- Reduces the influence of peer pressure.
- Promotes motivation for learning.
- Integrates character education.
- Improves school climate.
- Enhances school safety.
- Reduces detentions.
- Reduces stress.
Marshall, M. (2005). Discipline without Stress, 1 Punishments, or Rewards. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 79(1), 51-54.
Marshall, M. (2008). 5 Classroom Tips - Teachers.Net Gazette. Retrieved September 26, 2015, from http://teachers.net/gazette/AUG08/marshall.