Excretory System

By: Shelbie Rhodes and Sydney Archibald

What is the function of the Excretory system?

The Excretory System's function is the removal of wastes from the body. One waste is the urine. The kidney removes waste from blood cells and forms urine. Urine is passed trough the bladder by ureter and passed trough the urethra to exit the body only when the bladder is full.

What are some common disorders?

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - This i san infection that can affect any part of the excretory system. The parts that are commonly infected is the bladder and the urethra. This happens when bacteria enters the urinary tract through the urethra, and travel to the bladder where they multiply. The signs and symptoms include a strong urge to urinate, burning during urination. cloudy urine, blood in the urine, strong odor of the urine and pelvic pain. The UTI can be treated with a series of oral antibiotics. Severe ases, in which the infection travels to the kidney, may require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics. Also, Diet Cran-Grape juice helps with odor and pain.

Kidney Stones - Kidneys stones are small hard deposits that develpo in the kidneys as a result of the presence of excess uric acid, calcium, oxalate, phosphate or carbonate in the urine. The number one risk factor for development of kidney stones is Dehydration. The signs and symptoms are severe stomach pains, back pains, abnormal urine color, blood in the urine, fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. Kidneys stones usually pass through on their own and do not need any treatment. Drinking 6-8 ounces of water per day may help the passing of kidney stones.