New Amsterdam, New World, New York

New York, Mid-Atlantic Colonies

The Formation

The province resulted from the Dutch Republic surrender of Provincie Nieuw-Nederland to the Kingdom of England in 1664. Immediately after, the province was renamed for James, Duke of York, brother of Charles II of England. The territory was one of the Middle Colonies, and ruled at first directly from England (Wikipedia).


Fun facts

  • Set up as Dutch colony, taken over by English in 1664.
  • Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others.
  • Trade in the New York Colony used the natural resources and raw materials available to develop trade in corn and wheat and livestock including beef and pork. Other industries included the production of iron ore, hemp, iron bars, horses, lumber, coal, textiles, furs and shipbuilding. The New York colony specialised in their agricultural products and their iron works and ship building industries. The cities that emerged in New York were New York City and Albany.

The Province of New York


Mountains in the northeast, lowlands from Lake Ontario along the Canadian border. Atlantic coastal plain. The general geography of the Middle Colonies had a mix of the New England and Southern features but had fertile soil and land that was suited to farming (


A mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that were suited to farming and agriculture (

Natural Resources

Good farmland, timber, furs and coal. Iron ore was a particularly important natural resource (

a breadbasket colony

New York grows so many crops, especially wheat. The wheat was ground into flour in flour mills then shipped to England. A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields.