The Water Frame

Water powered spinning frame developed by Richard Arkwright

By Sydney Kopischka

Arkwright patented the Water Frame in 1769. He made this so he could produce stronger threads for yarns. The water frame was also the first machine that could spin cotton threads. The first models were powered by waterwheels so the device came to be known as the water frame. It was the first powered, automatic, and continuous textile machine and enabled the move away from small home manufacturing towards factory production of textiles.
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