Lexi R. 7th period


Indonesia is a beautiful country that is Southeast Asia's largest country with over 13,677 islands. Its most famous islands are Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and Celebs. It has over 238 million people and is the fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a Republic, with a legislature and a President. The nations capital is Jakarta. The large country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. The largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group are the Javanese.

Slogan- Indonesia "the Pearl of Asia"

Geography and Climate of Indonesia

Some of Indonesia's larger islands (Sumatra and Java for example) have large interior mountains. Because the 13,677 islands that make up Indonesia are located on the two continental shelves, many of these mountains are volcanic and there are several crater lakes on the islands. Because of its location, natural disasters, especially earthquakes, are common in Indonesia. On December 26, 2004 for example, a 9.1 to 9.3 magnitude earthquake struck in the Indian Ocean which triggered a large tsunami that devastated many Indonesian islands.
Indonesia's climate is tropical with hot and humid weather in lower elevations. In the highlands of Indonesia's islands, temperatures are more moderate. Indonesia also has a wet season that lasts from December to March. These wet seasons are perfect to grow great crops. This climate is also perfect for komodo dragons to live in and stay healthy.

People and Culture of Indonesia

Indonesia has about 206 million people- the fourth largest populated country in the world. It is also one of the worlds most densely populated countries.Most of the Indonesian people belong to the Malay ethnic group. They are divided into about 300 smaller groups with their own languages. Thousands of years ago, Malays from mainland Southeast Asia settled the islands that are today Indonesia. Their descendants set up Buddhist and Hindu Kingdoms. Traders from Southwest Asia brought Islam to the region. Four hundred year later, Europeans brought Christianity to the islands. The Dutch eventually controlled most of the islands in Indonesia, but independence finally came in about 1949.
The Indonesia culture is as vibrant and versatile as its landscape and natural beauty. The rich Indonesian culture is the result of the influence of the various neighboring countries and its very own ethnic culture. The present day culture of Indonesia is an outcome of the interplay of age-old- traditions from the time of early migrants and the Western thought brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists.

Government & Citizenship of Indonesia

After 1955 and the Destruction of the Indonesian Communist Party, the military dominated Indonesian politics. By exploiting existing constitutional structures and mobilizing civilian political support through a quasipolitical party of functional groups, Indonesia's leaders concentrated power and authority in a small military and bureaucratic elite. At the elite's head was President Suharto, a former army general who was instrumental in the forcible termination of the Guided Democracy of his predecessor, Sukarno.
Indonesia adopted a bicameral legislative system following the establishment of the DPD (Regional Representatives Council), which was first elected in 2004. The DPD is composed of four representatives from each of Indonesia’s 33 provinces.
Happily women can vote freely just like in the United States, but the voting age in Indonesia is 17 but anyone who has an ID card can vote. People under 17 who are married can get an ID card. Education in Indonesia is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture and the Ministry of Religious Affairs. In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake nine years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three in secondary level.


Foreign companies build factories on the island of java because labor is inexpensive. The island's location makes it very easy to ship goods. The farmers in Indonesia grow rice, coffee, cassava, tea, coconuts, and rubber trees. The dense rainforest in Indonesia provide teakwood and other rare and valuable woods. Some large companies cut down trees very simply and quickly because they own large tracts. Indonesia has large reserves of oil and natural gas. Its mines have tin, silver, nickel, copper, bauxite, and gold.