Independent and Dependent Clauses

By: T'Aurelia, Amy, Kallie and Alex

The Difference Between The Two

Independent Clauses are basically just regular sentences. They have a complete subject and predicate and can stand by theirselves.

Dependent Clauses don't have complete thoughts. They can't stand by theirselves because they aren't complete sentences.

independent Clause Examples

  • We have an umbrella, because it is raining

  • While I was waiting for you, I read my book

  • You will need a password to log on


Adverb Clause

  • When the president arrives

  • Because I can’t wait for the bus

  • Than his sister can

  • Whenever you come to visit

Adjective clauses

  • That I sold him

  • When the leaves turn colors and fall

  • Why the movie was a flop

  • That was a bestseller

Noun Clauses

  • Why she said that

  • Whatever makes you happy

  • If the dress is on sale

  • What she anticipated

Examples of Dependent Clauses in Sentences

  • He finally finished his novel, after month’s of research.

  • The trophy goes to, whoever wins the race.

  • You may play outside until the streetlights come on.

These words signify that a dependent clause is present.

  • After
  • Although
  • As/as if
  • Because
  • Before
  • Even if/even though
  • if
  • In order to
  • Since
  • Though
  • Unless
  • Until
  • Whatever/whenever
  • When
  • Whether
  • While

Coordinating Conjunctions and Independent Marker Words

These are connecting words used to connect independent clauses. When the second independent clause begins with a coordinating conjunction a comma is needed before the conjunction. When the second independent clause in a sentence has an independent marker word a semicolon is needed before the marker word.


  • And
  • But
  • For
  • Or/ Nor
  • So
  • Yet

Marker Words

  • Also
  • Consequently
  • Furthermore
  • However
  • Moreover
  • Nevertheless
  • Therefore