Mixed Crop and Livestock Ranching

Jenna Song, Anna Sneed, John Kalu, Helen Fanta

Definition

  • Livestock ranching is the commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area.
  • Mixed crop and livestock ranching is when livestock ranching and crop farming are found on the same farm.
  • In mixed crop and livestock ranching, crops are grown to feed livestock that is also kept on the farm.
  • The livestock produces manure that can be used to fertilize more crops to be grown and other products from the animal can be sold for a profit.
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It is more likely to be found in an More Developing Country (MDC) such as the United States.

Why is Mixed Crop and Livestock Ranching found in MDCs?

  • The products of mixed crop and livestock ranching is used for sale off the farm.
  • The products are not used for the consumption of the farmers.
  • MDC's has a more stable economy of food production sales.
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Geographical Distribution


  • Common in the U.S. west of the Appalachians and in Europe from France to Russia.
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Two characteristics of this agricultural practice are...

The integration of crops and livestock

  • Plants and livestock are found together on one farm.
  • A cycle: the livestock produces dung which fertilizes the plants, and the plants feed the animals, so they can produce more dung.
  • Sometimes the livestock is bred on the farm, and sometimes it is imported.
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Distribution of even workload annually

  • Fields require care in the spring and fall.
  • Livestock require year-long care.
  • Mix crop and livestock ranching reduce seasonal variations of income.
  • Lots of income come from spring and fall, but can come year-long.
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Also Crop Rotation!

  • Crops change annually.
  • Maintains fertility of land.
  • Corn is often used in the United States; soybeans are often used in Asian countries.
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What are some future challenges?

Challenges

  • The use of chemicals can affect the crops, which would then affect the livestock.
  • The livestock might consume too much crops for a balanced cycle to occur.
  • Climate can affect the growth of crops, which would then affect livestock.
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Visual Representation

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Anna and Jenna is feeding the llamas. Helen is watering the flower. John is holding the pig for food.