Saudi Arabia

By: Jinelle Sanchez

Country Basics

The name of my country is Saudi Arabia. The capital of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh. On the flag, the Arabic writing is the Islamic statement of faith. Translated, this Arabic writing means "There no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet." The flag is green because green is Islam's traditional color. This is a picture of the Saudi Arabian flag.

Geography

Saudi Arabia is located in Asia. Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yemen and Bahrain are all bordering/connected to Saudi Arabia, by a causeway. The top 2 landforms are the Rub' Al Khali Desert and the An-Nafud Desert. The top 3 major landmarks in Saudi Arabi are Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, Quba Mosque and Masjid

al-Qiblatayn. The major bodies of water around Saudi Arabia are the Persian (Arabian) Gulf and the Red Sea.

Government

Saudi Arabia has 4 different types of governments. These 4 types are Monarchy, Absolute Monarchy, Islamic State and Unitary State. The leader/king of Saudi Arabia is Salman of Saudi Arabia. In Saudi Arabia, you must be born into royalty. To be king, you must be the brother of the past king. The rights, roles, and responsibilities of Saudi Arabian citizens include that Saudi Arabian citizens must: defend the Islamic

faith, the society, and the homeland.

Economy

Although Saudi Arabia is a rich nation (due to vast oil wealth), not everyone in Saudi Arabia is too. About 20% of the Saudi Arabia population is living on the streets facing poverty. Saudi Arabia uses Saudi Riyal as currency. Saudi Arabia has a GDP per capita of 97,371.07 Saudi Riyal (25,961.81USD). Saudi Arabia's major imports/exports are machinery/equipment, food, chemicals, textiles and motor vehicles. Saudi Arabia has an approximate birth rate of 18.78 births per 1,000 population. The approximate life expectancy in Saudi Arabia is 75.5 years. Only 90% of Saudi Arabia's adults (15+) can read and/or write. Also only 70% of Saudi Arabia's water is drinkable.

Culture

The main language spoken in Saudi Arabia is Arabic. To the right is a picture of a family, each wearing a traditional Saudi Arabian outfit. In Saudi Arabia, the main religion is Muslim. Some popular food in Saudi Arabia is wheat, rice, lamb, chicken, yogurt, potatoes, and dates. Below is a picture of the dish Saudi Arabians call dates.
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Climate

Saudi Arabia typically has a harsh, dry climate with extreme temperatures. The average yearly rainfall in Saudi Arabia is 59mm per year. The average yearly temperature in Saudi Arabia is usually 45°C (113°F).

History

On January 1st, one of the biggest moments in Saudi Arabian history happened. On this day in 330, the Holy Sepulcher Church was built in the city of Jerusalem. This site is said to be where Jesus Christ was buried. This site is very important to the Christians. This was one of the greatest moments in the history of Saudi Arabia. Another amazing/ monumental moment was on February 1. On this day (in 2008) the king reshuffled the entire government. On this day, he promoted his 1st female leader to help female education in Saudi Arabia.

Compare & Contrast

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