Russian Acheivements

By Rachel winnett and Kelly Hyatt

Rurik takes control of Novgorod

Rurik was a Varangian prince and was the founder of the first Russian state and of the dynasty that ruled in Russia until the death of Feodor I in 1598. After he was killed Rus began his rule to include Kiev, which became their capitol. ~Positive~

Vladimir I converts to Christianity

Married a sister of the byzantine empire, made Orthodox Christianity the religion of the Rus, Began to align his kingdom politically and culturally to the byzantine empire.

~positive~

Reign of Yaroslav the Wise and introduction of the Pravda Russkia

Set up close ties between church and state, Won several military battle, spreading Christianity. ~positive~

Invasion of the Polovtsy

The first clash between the Polovtsy and the Russians took place in 1054. The Polovtsy repeatedly attacked Russian territory, inflicting strong defeats upon the princes of Kiev in 1068, 1092, 1093, and 1096. They also waged campaigns against Hungary (1070, 1091, 1094) and Byzantium (1087, 1095). _negative_

Invasion of the Mongols

  • Batu led Mongol armies into Russia



  • Known as Golden Horde because of the color of their tents



  • 1236 -1241



  • Ruled Russia for more than 150 years



  • Areas not controlled by Mongols suffered raids from their armies



  • Brought peace to the land between China and Eastern Europe, benefits from new trade route across the region



  • Served as model for later Russian rule.

  • Cut Russia off from contacts with western Europe

  • _negative_



Moscow becomes the most powerful Russian principality

  • Princes of Moscow increased their power



  • City located near river trade routes



  • Used their positions to subdue neighboring towns



  • City became capital, political center, and religious center



  • Princes of Moscow became patriotic defenders of Russia against foreign rule



  • 1380- rallied other Russians and defeated the Golden Horde at battle of Kulikovo

  • ~Positive~



Reign of Ivan the Great

  • Ivan III



  • 1462-1505



  • Recovered Russian territory from Lithuania



  • Built framework for absolute rule



  • Tried to limit power of the boyars, great landowning nobles



  • Adopted Byzantine court rituals



  • Used double headed eagle as symbol



  • Referred to himself as tsar, Russian for Caesar


    ~positive~

Reign of Ivan the Terrible

  • 1547-1584



  • Ivan IV



  • Grandson of Ivan the Great



  • Limited privileges of the boyar families



  • Granted land to nobles in exchange for military



  • New laws tying Russian serfs to the land



  • Trusted no one and had violent fits of rage



  • Killed his own son



  • Organized oprichniki, agents of terror who enforced his will



  • Slaughtered rebellious boyars and sacked towns suspected of disloyalty



  • Saddles decorated with dog’s head and broom, symbolizing their constant watchfulness

  • _negative_