Fashion and Education

By Mariana Buxton and Bella Triolo

Womens and Mens Daily Clothes

Men and Women's daily clothes were simple but fancy at occasions. A country women days clothes might be three dresses, one for church and social occasions. Men had two-three shirts and one each of summer and winter pants. Whalebone corsets were popular among wealthy women in the nineteenth century. Shoes were very scarce, mostly found among outdoor working men. Children and women were usually last to receive shoes. Long shirts were used as a nightgown for both men and women. Even though they had differences they had the similarity of both owning very few clothes.


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Childrens Clothing and Womens Skirts

Volume of women skirts changed throughout the years.In the late eighteenth century they had voluminous skirts, in the nineteenth century slim skirts, then in the mid-nineteenth century back to voluminous skirts. The trending of the size of skirts was constantly changing and you were thought to keep up with it. Children wore dress like clothing until they reached the appropriate age, they adopted similar clothing to their parents with the exception of shoes. Infants were commonly dressed in long gowns. In wealthy houses children were dressed with miniature but fancy outfits.



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How Clothing Was Made

European clothing was a sign of status among wealthy women during this time period. Although, Rural families depended on homespun cloth and homemade clothing. To make homemade clothing there were many steps to be done. Men performed removing seed polls and separating fibers through swinging, breaking, and hacking into manageable lengths. Then, the women spun the fibers into linen thread then finally into cloth. The cloth was then dyed and bleached for appearance before being made into clothing for the whole family. The housewives sewing work also consisted of making and mending clothing, and the manufacture of sheets, tablecloths, towels, and anything else needed by the family.


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1830-1860 Education

In the 1830s education was progressing for women and African Americans, although some African Americans secretly got an education. In 1837 it required that children were educated before they worked. Then in 1839 it required at least a six month school year. In 1840 bilingual education was an option. Not until 1840 did school organization exist. Then in 1852 law was passed making all students between ages of eight and fourteen must attend a three month school year. In 1855 racial segregation was prohibited. Later, in 1855 they established the first kindergarten. North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama were the only states with public schools in 1860.


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Rules For the Schools

Laws were created in 1918, they thought this would prevent crime and poverty. School providers used schools to Americanize foreigners. They then created attendance laws for elementary students. Kalamazoo case was creating taxes to support public high schools. Michigan then became the first state to promote supervision at schools.


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General Information and people who helped with the schools

Horace Mann and Henry Barnard, were the first people to start a statewide common schooling system. William Holmes McGuffey wrote the first text book. He had already planned out the book, which contained 55 lessons. It was greatest American influence (book) excluding the Bible.

The idea of private schools was developed in the 18th century. Then public high schools were developed in the early 19th century, which were college prep classes. There was comprehensive High School, these were for a higher level curriculum.


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