TYPES OF MINING AND FRACKING

MINING AND FRACKING

-SURFACE MINING

Surface mining also includes strip mining, open-pit mining and mountain top removal. This is when soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed.
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Strip Mining

This is the clearing of vegetation and and soil along with drilling and blasting.
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open-pit

  • Searching for minerals other than coal.
  • Surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth.
Strip Mining for Coal

Mountain top removal

  • This is a new type of coal mining.
  • Occurs in West Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee
  • Removing the tip of the mountain to find coal.
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Subsurface mining

This is the extraction of rocks and minerals from inside earth. This occurs by the making of shafts built into the earth
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Slope

  • Method of accessing valuable geological material, such as coal or ore.
  • Slope mined differ from shaft and drift mines.
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DRift

This is a almost horizontal entrance and leaves a vein of coal or ore.

This is usually mined from the side of a hill or mountain.

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Shaft

Creating a vertical entrance into the ground. usually has no end. This is the entrance to mining for coal.
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