HIV and AIDS
What is HIV and AIDS?
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection syndrome is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the final stage of HIV disease, which causes severe damage to the immune system.
AIDS in orphans
- There are more than 34 million orphans in the region today and some 11 million of them are orphaned by AIDS.
- Eight out of every 10 children in the world whose parents have died of AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa.
- During the last decade, the proportion of children who are orphaned as a result of AIDS rose from 3.5% to 32% and will continue to increase as the disease spreads.
- Averaging over 55% of all people living with HIV/AIDS are girls and women.
HIV and AIDS in Africa
- Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS then any other reigon of the world.
- An estimated 22.9 million people in this reigon are living with HIV.
- In 2010 around 1.2 million people died from AIDS
- 1.9 million people became infected in 2010
- 14.8 million children have lot one or both parents from HIV or AIDS
- Because of AIDS an HIV the life expectancy has decreased to around 54 years old