HIV and AIDS

By:Brittany Jensen

What is HIV and AIDS?


  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection syndrome is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus
  • AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the final stage of HIV disease, which causes severe damage to the immune system.


AIDS in orphans

  • There are more than 34 million orphans in the region today and some 11 million of them are orphaned by AIDS.
  • Eight out of every 10 children in the world whose parents have died of AIDS live in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • During the last decade, the proportion of children who are orphaned as a result of AIDS rose from 3.5% to 32% and will continue to increase as the disease spreads.
  • Averaging over 55% of all people living with HIV/AIDS are girls and women.

HIV and AIDS in Africa

  • Sub-Saharan Africa is more heavily affected by HIV and AIDS then any other reigon of the world.
  • An estimated 22.9 million people in this reigon are living with HIV.
  • In 2010 around 1.2 million people died from AIDS
  • 1.9 million people became infected in 2010
  • 14.8 million children have lot one or both parents from HIV or AIDS
  • Because of AIDS an HIV the life expectancy has decreased to around 54 years old