U.S Justice System
By Chris Joiner and Connor Leek and Jack Gilligan
History of Justice system
Structure of the U.S Justice System
Origin of U.S Justice System
During the colonial period, political power was concentrated in the hands of the governor appointed by the king of England. Because the governors performed executive, legislative, and judicial functions, an elaborate court system was not necessary. The lowest level of the colonial judiciary consisted of local judges called justices of the peace or magistrates. They were appointed by the colony's governor. Then the next level in the system were the county courts, the general trial courts for the colonies. Appeals from all courts were taken to the highest level the governor and his council. Grand juries were also introduced during this period and remain features of the state judicial systems.