Texas Blind Salamander

mackenzie calloway

Background Information

Texas Blind Salamander is adapted to living in water underground, so it has no eyes, only two small black dots under the skin. It has little to no skin pigment. It's white in color, and its external gills are red, and used to get oxygen from the water. It lives in water-filled caves of the Edwards Aquifer near San Marcos, Texas. The blind salamander is an active predator. It hunts animal food by sensing water pressure waves created by prey in the still underground waters. Tiny snails, shrimp, and other aquatic invertebrates make up its diet.
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Causes of Endangerment

The Texas Blind Salamander depends on a constant supply of clean, cool water from the Edwards Aquifer. Springflows, pollution of groundwater, and overuse of water caused by the growth of cities threatens it.


Everyone can help by conserving water and preventing water pollution.