Canada In 2035

Canada is a great country, Canada is constantly changing and developing into a greater country. Ever wondered "what life in Canada in the year 2035 will be like"? Looking into Canada's current four factor's; Changing populations, Interactions in the physical environment, managing resources and industries, and livable communities we can predict how great of a nation, Canada will become in the year 2035

Changing populations

Let’s look at Canada's current population, Immigration and Aboriginal trends. Canada currently has a really low birth rate because of all the wide set of opportunities women have, such as education and voting. Women tend to spend their time on different activities other than marriage causing a lower birth rate. Canada also has a really low death rate because of all the developed health care Canada has. Canada's current population is stable because of the high number of immigrants we receive, so since we have a low birth and death rate with a stable population this puts us in stage four in the demographic transition.

Next looking at Canada's immigration, Canada is mainly looking for economic immigrants to get more skilled workers to increase the country’s economy. Also, we receive high numbers of immigrants from third world countries such as Iraq and India who are looking for a better quality of life. Our immigrants mainly migrate to Ontario or British Columbia because those two provinces are the most urbanized in Canada.

Lastly looking at Canada's Aboriginal trends, in Canada Aboriginals are divided into three different groups: First Nations are Natives who are legally categorized as “Status Indians”, Metis a mixture of Native and European settlers, and Inuit’s are Aboriginals who live in the Arctic. The first trend, Aboriginal's are facing, is they are living in reserves and poverty because they don't have many job opportunities, really small schools for a lot of kids, health care is really bad they rely on traditional medicines so they don't have that much of developed health care like we do, and overall there quality of life is not as great as ours. Millions of first nations live like this all around Canada. The next trend, Aboriginals face, is the Indian Act, the Indian Act oppresses and limit’s the control aboriginal’s have over themselves and their land. For example, an Aboriginal resident is unable to sell his property without higher-ups permission.

Changing populations (2035)

When looking at changing populations as a factor for Canada being the best country to live in.

In the year 2035 I would say yes/no because in the year 2035 Canada will be an aging population because the majority of the population, which consists of adults and today's kids, will be growing. Canada's birth rate in 2035 will still be low, in fact, death rate will eventually outnumber birth rate because since we will have an aging population they will all die from old age which creates a higher death rate than birth rate. By 2035, Canada will currently be in stage 4/5 in the demographic transition model. Because in the first half, will stay at stage 4 but then later on as the death rate overlaps the birth rate we will become in stage 5.

For the immigration part, we will begin to receive a smaller number of immigrants. Our main immigrant group, the skilled workers will choose to stay in their home country and work. That is because over the years many of the countries who we receive a large number of skilled workers from such as Asia, will begin to have a dramatic increase in their economy. This will cause many of the immigrants who were planning to come to Canada for work stay in their home country and work there instead. Next looking at our third world immigrants, their immigration number will also begin to decrease because over the years their country will become much more developed, urbanized, and safer creating a better quality of life for many of the people and thus making them stay in their own home country.

As for the aboriginal part I will say yes to Canada being a great country to live in 2035 because by 2035 as Natives get more and more recognized, they will get good education and health care. This would lead to higher life expectancy. Natives are likely to move off reserves and be accepted in all Canadian communities. Also, the Indian Act in 2050 will most likely become abolished as more light is drawn to this topic in the future. More people will start to notice what is happening to Natives and there might even be acts of movements against the Indian Act.

Interactions in the physical environment

Canada has all four different seasons with six different factor's influencing its climate. Canada is overall flat but consists of many different rock types, landform regions, and vegetation zones. Some of the mountains are the Inuit Mountains which are located Northern of Nunavut, 2600 meters high and contain sedimentary rocks and mineral deposit. Interior plains located in Alberta & Saskatchewan, have flat plain sedimentary rocks. Western Cordillera plates were collided creating uplift and high young mountains. Lastly, the Canadian Shield is the largest landform that contains the oldest types of rocks, metamorphic rocks.

A few of Canada's vegetation zones are Tundra which has cold temperatures and thin soils; it's located above tree line with a ground made of permafrost, small shrubs, lichens, and mosses.

Tundra weather has very cold winters, low precipitation, short growing season, and frozen ground. Taiga forest is the largest vegetation zone with cold harsh winters and acidic. Consist of mainly coniferous trees with some deciduous trees. Taiga forest weather consists of warm summers, harsh winter, and a lot of precipitation. Lastly, Cordillera vegetation has high elevation from mountains, therefore, the temperature becomes colder and thin at high elevation. Elevation is the meadow of the flowers; cordillera vegetation has little to no tree growth with the perception leasing the thin soil.

Lastly, Canada has six different factor's affecting its climate they are known as LOWER. They're organized into six separate factors’ that play a big role in Canada's climate.

First off we have latitude, when looking into latitude Canada is quite cold because of our location near the latitude of Canada is north of the latitude we receive less sunlight making us have a colder climate.

Next is ocean currents in Canada, the east, and the west tend to have a warmer climate due to the fact ocean currents, are carrying warm water from the south with them and the onshore breeze picks up the temperature of the water below it and thus giving the west and east a warmer climate as the onshore breeze gives off warm air.

Third is winds and air masses looking to southern Canada, during the winter we tend to have really cold winters and really hot summers during the summer. This occurs because of the cold dry air from the north. In the north, we have really cold and dry air masses and as it moves towards southern Canada such as Ontario it brings the cold dry air with it, giving us cold and harsh winters. But in the summer the physical barrier of the jet stream moves north a bit, we then get really warm and dry summers from the south air masses.

Fourth is elevation, elevation occurs in mountain regions when you go up a mountain the air pressure drops and the air can’t hold much heat or water vapor and since the air spreads out and can’t hold any more heat it tends to drop all its water in the form of rain or snow.

Last but not least is relief when onshore breeze comes on the windward side of a mountain its forces up the mountain and as you go high in elevation the air pressure decrease which causes the air to cool and it can no longer hold the water vapor so it tends to fall in form of precipitation and then it goes down on the leeward side of the mountain here the dry air gets warmer and it's able to hold more water vapor again.

Last one is being near water, being near water has two different separate groups. Continental and maritime, continental plays a big role to southern Canada because it occurs when you're far away from water. So when you're far away from water you tend to have less precipitation and a large difference in temperature between summer and winter months. This occurs because you're farther away from sources of moisture and the moderating influence of the oceans. Maritime is when you're located near sources of water. In maritime high amounts of precipitation occurs such as rain in summer time and snow in winter and the gap in temperature between summer and winter is really low because of the moderating effect of the large bodies of water nearby. Maritime mainly takes place near the east and west of Canada.

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Interactions in the physical environment (2035)

I would say Canada wouldn't be the best place to live in 2035 under the judgment of its physical environment. Focusing on the main issue, climate change I would say no because looking at Canada's current GHG emission, it's quite high and over the years it will increase tremendously which will influence climate change even greater. Let's look at the affect's climate change will have on Canada's physical environment. There are four different impacts climate change will have on Canada, first off is the melting of ice and glaciers in the northern parts such as the tundra. As the climate becomes warmer from the increase of global warming, northern regions can't withstand the temperature. Which will eventually cause all the snow and glaciers to melt and when they melt they go into the ocean. When Ice glaciers melt into the ocean it causes an increase in water level which is our next issue. An increase in water level can result in flooded area's near the ocean. The third issue is crop failure, crop failure occurs from really dry climate. Also known as dry land, dry lands are area's with not water because of the intense heat causing evaporation to occur and dry land lead to vegetation and crop failure. Lastly climate change causes extreme weather such as harsher and stronger storms that occur from cyclonic perception.

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Managing Canada's resources and industries

Canada's resources consist of mining, fishing, agriculture, and oil. Canada has managed its sustainable use of resources quite well. To begin with sustainable use of resources let's look into mining. Mining's sustainable issue is abandoned mines which are when mines are left after the land has been dug up and destroyed. Most mines use to be huge green zones that would've been very productive farm lands. But they have all been destroyed and they're now just deep holes in the middle of forests. Although mining has a huge sustainability issue, Canada, on the other hand, has begun increasing its mining sustainable and limiting environmental impacts through thickened tailing. Thickened tailing is where a clay type material is used to refill the hole in mines.

Next is fishing, fishing is a huge primary industry for Canada. Although many people say there is a large number of fishes in the sea, there is still a limit to how much we can fish. Many people take the number of fish we have for granted, such as in Canada we used to have the largest number of Cods but we've understatement the number of fish's in the sea and limited ourselves to a smaller number of fishes. So looking into fishing Canada's main issue with fishing, is overfishing. Our sustainable alternatives are reducing fishing nets sizes and decreasing the demand for fish, by finding an alternative food source for people.

The Last but not least is agriculture, agriculture isn't considered a huge issue to Canada but it's still very important for future Canada. Agriculture's only and a main issue is deforestation, to gain farmland for agriculture we cut down huge forests, therefore enhancing the greenhouse effect. Our main alternative is limiting population growth because the more people there are, the increase in demand for farm products. The only alternative is limiting population growth which will decrease the wanting of farm products, thus decreasing deforestation. But in Canada Agriculture isn't that of a huge issue because we have a huge land mass with a really low population.

Lastly, our last resource, to look into, is oil, the Hibernia oil is an oil project in Canada that drills oil from the sea. Hibernia oil has no environmental impact's other than oil spills in the ocean. Hibernia has managed to limit these oil spills by designing their entire drilling and production system to minimize these spills. They have included many different systems to prevent these spills to occur in their platform, gravity based structures, and their offshore loading system.

The other oil project, that is occurring in Canada, is the Alberta oil sands project. The Alberta oil sand's is the least sustainable out of all the resources, it posses the most harmful environmental impacts such as causing cancer to nearby living residents. Since the oil sands generates a tremendous amount of pollution and greenhouse gasses people nearby inhale all of that toxicity and thus giving many people cancer, specifically lung cancer. The next impact, the oil sands has, is destroyed lands, for the factories to be build and for people to get the oil they need a huge proportion of a land. Green area's are dug up and removed from factories and oil extraction, and that land took thousands of years to form into what is was today. The last impact, the Alberta oil sands has, is contaminated water. Many of the rivers and water sources nearby have been contaminated with oil and it takes a huge amount of money to clean that. Also since the water has been contaminated there is no more fresh water available for living things that rely on that water. As for the aquatic species living in the water, they have begun developing numerous numbers of cancer from all toxicity these factories dump into the water.

Next is looking into Canada's global connections, Canada's has many different global connections such as trade and multinational corporations. First looking at Canada's trade agreements one the major one is NAFTA which is a trade agreement between U.S.A & Mexico. NAFTA was meant to reduce tariff's and trade barriers between the countries. The other trade agreement, Canada has, is the WTO ( the world trade organization ). The WTO was meant to supervise and liberalize international trade, almost every country is part of the WTO. Another way, Canada is globally connected to the world is through multinational corporations. Multinational corporations are when a country opens large businesses in other countries and nations. Canada's has many multinational corporations one of them is Tim Horton. Tim Horton is a Canadian Coffey shop that is native to Canada but now it's open in U.S and Dubai.

In the link above you, can see what's the ratio of land mass to population in Canada is like
Managing Canada's resources and industries (2035)

In 2035, I think Canada's most important resource will be oil because currently right now Canada is begging to build a pipeline from Alberta to south of U.S that transports a large quantity of oils. The oil, that is being transported by the pipeline, is the same oil in the Alberta oil sands. Although the oil sands isn't managed in a sustainable way, Canada can still begin to manage it in a sustainable manner. Such as finding other sources to dump the toxic and harmful chemicals instead of dumping it in bodies of fresh water. Canada can also help rebuild the land that has been destroyed and lastly the oil sands biggest issue is its greenhouse gas emissions. An alternative way, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, is by using nuclear power as a source of steam instead of natural gas. Nuclear power can be used to fuel the extraction process by producing steam then used to potentially create electricity. As for Canada's global connections, I think Canada will mainly be connected to the world through trade since we will have a huge business of oil. We will be connected to the world through a lot of trade, mainly exporting and therefore in 2035 under the judgment of it's resources and industries Canada will be a great place to live in. Mainly because in 2035, you will have a great economy that has a trade surplus from all the exports of oil and you will have many job opportunities available that link to the oil sands and the pipeline.

Sustainable Fisheries

Liveable communities

The main issue, Canadian cities are facing, is urban sprawl, why is urban sprawl an issue for Canadians you ask? Well, the first and most huge issue is that urban sprawl leads to a car-dependent culture, and driving is stressful for drivers and for nature. A car-dependent culture results in more traffic, more carbon emissions, and more greenhouse gasses. Urban sprawl affects us in other ways too like draining our precious free time and expanding our waistlines. Since most people spend time in their car for transportation this results in a lot of transportation cost for gas and transit. Not only that using only cars and buses every day can result in health issues such as obesity because most people will get minimal to no exercise at all. Next issue is urban sprawl is cutting into precious farm and wild lands, leaving us with less green space and precious wild lands which puts valuable wildlife habitat and species at risk. For example, many of the land that is occupied by homes and city buildings right now, use to be precious prime agriculture land.

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Liveable communities (2035)

In 2035, Canada will be a great country to live in based on it's liveable communities. By 2035, urban sprawl, would no longer be an issue to Canadian cities. One thing, people can do in the future to limit urban sprawl, is choose homes closer to work, school, and shops. Choosing a home close to your education and recreational facilities can help reduce the carbon emission because you're no longer car-dependent and this can help reduce health issues related to being care-dependent. Also in 2035 I think Canadian cities will become much more sustainable because of all the acts being done right now. Such as in Montreal many people are begging urban agriculture. Urban agriculture is basically creating farms in cities such as green roofs or farming indoors using organic material. In Toronto, people have been building more trees to create a greener city. Also in Toronto many people are reclaiming abandoned areas and turning them into green local parks. Creating greener space can help remove greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere and give in cleaner air. Next in Windsor city they made their plants and pollution co-exist such as using carbon to create and feed algae. Lastly in Vancouver they have created larger buses that hold a larger capacity of people for the same amount of energy as a regular bus. By 2035, almost every city in Canada will begin doing this, this work will all be based on today's youth because since their the future of this generation they would want to become more involved into creating a greener and healthier city for themselves and the next generation.

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Overall I think Canada will be a great country to live in 2035. There are many great changes that will take place in 2035 that are based on the four factors: Changing Populations, Interactions in the physical environment, managing resources and industries, and livable communities. Many good things and changes will occur such as the future of aboriginal's in Canada, Canada's economy increase and job availability, landform regions of Canada, and lastly the sustainability of this country and the management of urban sprawl in cities. Therefore, this country would be considered the greatest to live in 2035.
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