Scandinavian Immigrants

The Dutch, Finns, Norwegian's, & Swedes

The Dutch

The Dutch first came to The US in the late 1600s to Claim New Netherlands, although that didn't last that long. Centuries later the dutch made a return in the early 1800's this time on the west side in Cali because they wanted to partake of the gold rush that was going on. Later on in the early to mid 1900s the Dutch were in danger with Nazi Germany occupying the Netherlands, most fled to the US so that they could escape Germany's wrath.. Most of the dutch came on boats as fast as they could so that they could still have a chance in finding gold, most of the Dutch settled Michigan, Iowa and Wisconsin. The Dutch weren't received that well but weren't hated as much as the other Scandinavians were, the Immigration Act also had an effect on the Dutch and so less and less Dutch were allowed into the us. Most of the Dutch were factory workers while others were miners.
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The Finns

The Finnish didn't really come to the US until at least 1890, but before that time the first Finns came to America as colonists to New Sweden around 1638. Between 1890 and 1924 a mass immigration of Finns that consisted of about more than 230,000 Finnish Immigrants migrated to the US. That was about two-thirds of their population at the time, but compared to other countries such as Sweden, Denmark, and Norway they were a pretty small group. Many Finns fled to the US because of the anti-Finnish policies that the Russian government had made. They made their way to the US on ships headed to the Americas, although most of them were classified as Swedes or Russians on ships rosters, they were still Finnish. The Finns settled in Calumet, Michigan; Gloucester, Massachusetts; and Montgomery, Alabama. In 1924 immigration was curtailed due to the amount of immigrants from different countries that kept coming in. The Finnish along with other Scandinavian immigrants weren't treated or accepted very well in the US. FInns weren't really good english speakers so most of them ended up getting low-paying jobs such as factory work and manual labor. The Finnish have an annual festival called FinnFest USA and Salolampi language village in the US that brings finns together to strengthen Finnish traditions, these festivals allow non-Finns to get to know the culture more better. The Finns had an influence on their country after they arrived in the US, they sent funds to their country for famine relief and they even got president Hoover to help their country during the Winter War(Finland vs. Russia).
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the Norwegians

The Norwegians started coming to North America around the 17th century, they accompanied the Dutch at that time. Immigration for them wasn't that high, only few people came to the Americas, it wasn't until the 18th century that more Norwegians left for the US. About 1 million Norwegians arrived in the US between 1820 and 1920 which was a great amount of their population at the time. The Norwegians came to the US on ships, they left their homes for a better life than what they had back in Norway. They settled in the cities of the Great Lakes, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the East Coast. The Norwegian immigration population didn't flop for quite a while, that is until the Immigration Act was passed. Like the Finns the Norwegians weren't received that well by the Americans, which is why the Norwegians formed Norwegian communities so that they had each other. Norwegians also worked in factories and manual labor related jobs but they also worked in jobs that required more English speakers. The Norwegians made contributions to the US by sharing their traditions with the Americans. They showed their people in Norway that it was possible to create communities in the US even while the US didn't accept them.

The Swedes

The earliest group of swedes to arrive to the US was in 1637 in the Delaware Bay and continued to expand around the area, but by 1657 New Netherlands took over the land. The Swedes made a comeback in the 19th century when the other Scandinavian countries immigrated the most. In just five years 100,000 Swedes arrived in the US and the number just kept growing and growing, topping well over 1,000,000. Most of the Swedes left their country in search of more tillable land, religious freedom, and to escape the famine that was killing the Swedes in their country. It wasn't until 1924 when the Immigration Act was passed that prevented more Swedes from entering the country. The Swedes were also not received well in the US due to their sheer numbers entering the US, people didn't like more foreigners to enter their country. The Swedes settled in Chicago, New York, Illinois, Minnesota, the Pacific Northwest states, and near the Great Lakes. Most of the Swedish immigrants were farmers in the US but they also worked in mining, railroad work, urban trades and professions. The Swedes contributed to the US by producing food from crops they harvested, They influenced their homelands people to come to the US to escape the dreaded life they had over there.
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Citations

1.) The Finns- Library of Congress. "The Finns." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/scandinavian5.html>.

2.) The Finns pic- Library of Congress. "Brooklyn, New York. A Section of the City Largely Inhabited by Finnish-Americans, near Thirty-ninth Street and Eighth Avenue, Known as Finn Town. Finnish Branch of the Salvation Army." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/fsa.8d22986/>.

3.)The Finns- Countries and Their Culture. "Finnish Americans." Countries and Their Culture. Countries and Their Culture, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Du-Ha/Finnish-Americans.html>.

4.)The Norwegians- Library of Congress. "The Norwegians." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/scandinavian3.html>.

5.)The Swedes picture- Kansas Historical Society. "Food in Kansas." Kansas Historical Society. Kansas Historical Society, 2015. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.kshs.org/p/food-in-kansas-2/18303>.

6.)The swedes- Library of Congress. "The Swedes." Library of Congress. Library of Congress, 2015. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/immigration/scandinavian2.html>.

7.)The Dutch- University of Groningen. "The United States Of America And The Netherlands." American History From Revolution to Reconstruction and beyond. American History From Revolution to Reconstruction and beyond, 1982. Web. 08 Sept. 2015. <http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/essays/general/the-united-states-of-america-and-the-netherlands/modern-emigration.php>.

8.)The dutch pic- Jock Phillips. 'History of immigration - Assisted immigration revives: 1946 to 1975', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 21-Sep-12

URL: http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/photograph/2151/dutch-immigrants-1953