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Social Studies

Constitutional Convention



  • was in 1787

  • The Constitutional Convention was result in a new form of government, called Constitution.

  • Delegates from all over the colonies went to the covention.

  • George Washington presided over the Convention

  • The Constitution was approved at the Convention.

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3 / 5 Compromise

  • also in 1787

  • The ⅗ compromise was when they wanted to count slaves as the count of the population in order to tax for the federal government.

  • The southern states wanted to count them as the population

  • The northern states didn’t want to count them as the population.

  • Agreed to count 3 out of 5 slaves.

  • James Madison agreed to count 3 out of 5 slaves

  • It remained that way until the Civil War

Checks and Balances


  • used to keep the government from getting to powerful

  • each branch is restrained by the other two in several days.

  • the legislative branch introduces and votes on a bill.

  • Then the bill goes to the executive.

  • The President decides whether he thinks the bill is good for the country. Then if he thinks it’s good he will sign it and it will be a law.

  • The power is balanced members of the Supreme Court that are appointed by the president.

  • 9,000 amendments have been put in but 27 only been pass.

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Electoral College

  • People actually vote for a group of electors when they put their votes in on Election Day.

  • The electors have pledged to support the democratic or republican nominee for president.

  • Many people believe they are voting for the president.

  • The delegates to the Constitutional Convention decided on this system of indirect election of the president.

  • Long debates are took to make sure we get the best president.

  • Electors chosen by each state would elect the president.

  • Some states held direct popular elections for the electors in the beginning.

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Ratification

  • 1781-1797

  • the Constitution had to be ratified by the people of the United States

  • framers devised a system by which special state conventions

  • elected delegates would be created to ratify the Constitution

  • The long process of ratification began with the entrenchment of opposing sides

Federalist

  • the central government of a country

  • the authority is divided between the head

  • strong main government

  • a system of government where there is one strong, central controlling authority

  • Their adopted name implied a commitment to a loose, decentralized system of government
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Anti Federalist

  • Anti-Federalists believed the Constitution granted too much power to the federal courts

  • felt that the government would be too far removed to represent the average citizen

  • Anti Federalist worried that the text of the Constitution did not contain a bill of rights

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Bill of Rights


  • in 1791 the United States added ten new rights to the Constitution.

  • which were then called bill of rights

  • the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

  1. United States Congress can't make any law about your religion

  2. Congress can't stop people from having and carrying weapons

  3. You don't have to let soldiers live in your house, except if there is a war

  4. Nobody can search your body, or your house, or your papers and things, unless they can prove to a judge

  5. You can't be tried for any serious crime without a Grand Jury meeting first to decide whether there's enough evidence for a trial

  6. If you're arrested, you have a right to have your trial pretty soon

  7. You also have the right to a jury when it is a civil case

  8. The government can't make you pay more than is reasonable in bail or in fines

  9. Just because these rights are listed in the Constitution doesn't mean that you don't have other rights too.

  10. Anything that the Constitution doesn't say that Congress can do should be left up to the states, or to the people.

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Citations

  1. Study.com,. 'The Three-Fifths Compromise: Definition & Summary - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.Com'. N.p., 2015. Web. 19 Nov. 2015.



Congressforkids.net,. 'Congress For Kids: [Constitution]: Amendments'. N.p., 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2015.

Factmonster.com,. 'Checks And Balances'. N.p., 2015. Web. 20 Nov. 2015.


Congressforkids.net,. 'Congress For Kids: [Elections]: The Electoral College'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.


Sparknotes.com,. 'Sparknotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.


Yourdictionary.com,. 'Federalism Dictionary Definition | Federalism Defined'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.


U-s-history.com,. 'Anti-Federalists'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.


Quatr.us,. 'Bill Of Rights Simplified - Constitution - Quatr.Us'. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

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