Shakespeare // Galileo

Sophie Swift and Savannah Valdes

William Shakespeare

  • Birthday: April 23, 1564

  • Birth place: Stratford-upon-Avon

  • Lifespan: (1564 - 1616 )

  • Death place: Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1616

  • Family: Not of nobility or wealth.

  • Education: No formal education at universities. Attended a local grammar school called King’s New School.

Who was William Shakespeare?

William Shakespeare was an influential playwright during the 17th Century. He was born on April 23, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon where he also died on the same date in 1616. He married a young woman named Anne Hathaway and became the father to a daughter and one set of twins. Shakespeare always had the vision he would become an actor but he soon pursued becoming an actor as well as a playwright. Shakespeare joined an elite theatre club called Lord Chamberlain’s Men, he operated the Globe Theater in 1599 and retired in 1610 in Stratford.

What were some of his greatest plays?

During this time William Shakespeare created many great and influential plays. In total he wrote 38 Plays, 154 sonnets, and 2 narrative poems. This is obviously a lot of intellectual advancement in a short period time. The most famous works include The Taming of the Shrew, Romeo and Juliet, Midsummer Night’s Dream, and Macbeth. Along with back in the day, many places still perform these extremely famous plays. Some plays that have been turned into successful movies include Romeo and Juliet (multiple movies), Midsummer Night’s Dream, Macbeth, and many more. The interpretations of his work even in recent times show the influence he can have on artists.

What role did he play back then?

In the beginning of his life William started in a lower class position on the social factor. Through his play writing he moved his family as well as himself up in this strict hierarchy. Many benefits that came along with moving up in the social class include earning a Coat of Arms. This benefited the family because it gave another level respect; the men were to now be called “Gentlemen”. Along with this new name, In 1597 William was able to purchase the 2nd largest estate in Stratford where he lived. He soon owned 105 of his Global Theatres and allowed even more income to come to his newly rich family. The level in which people are placed in the social hierarchy can influence the remainder of their lives.

How did he impact play writing/writers?

Shakespeare had a big impact on playwrights and play writing in general. Many poems nowadays follow Shakespeare’s style of writing. He used iambic pentameter or blank verse which is a set of lines that do not rhyme yet have a certain rhythm. Many writers since his time have worshiped and appreciated his work. John Keats, a modern writer, kept a bust of Shakespeare by him when he wrote so that he would motivate and inspire him. Keats also liked to follow Shakespeare’s style of writing. Another author named Thomas Carlyle wrote a poem about Shakespeare making him seem almost Godly. Along with these two authors, there have been tons of authors who have quoted him in their novels and books. In Something Wicked this Way Comes by Ray Bradbury, Shakespeare’s play Macbeth was quoted. Also in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, his play The Tempest was quoted. These are just to name a few of the hundreds of authors impacted by this great man’s work.

Why did he inspire so many people?

Now that we know plenty about the great Bard himself, why is that he is the man we think of when we think of theatre? In short, his inspiration was so large and vastly celebrated that he today is still very successful. Ben Johnson, when talking about Shakespeare, said; “He was not of age but for all time!” Shakespeare himself was very good at taking large and complicated emotions or feeling and condensing them to make them exciting or comprehensible. Many people even today look to Shakespeare when they are unsure how to express some emotions including love. William Shakespeare was a very imaginative man capable of mesmerizing us with great stories, beloved characters and amazing themes. He was very good at turning a phrase, if you will, and making everything seem just right for his audience.

Galileo Galilei

  • Birthday: February 15th, 1564.

  • Birth place: Pisa, Italy

  • Lifespan: (1564 - 1642)

  • Death place: Arcetri, Italy on January 8, 1642

  • Family: Marina Gamba was more of a fling to Galileo because he never married her.They did have 3 children together.

  • Education: Attended a monastery in Florence for a while. Went to the University of Pisa for medicine but ended up falling in love with math and science

Who was Galileo?

Galileo Galilei was an Italian inventor, mathematician, scientific genius, and a generally very smart man. The man we know as Galileo challenged multiple math and science theories in his life including some of the teachings of Aristotle and Plato. All of these we will explore momentarily. He was born in Pisa Italy on February 15, 1564 and died in Arcetri, Italy on January 8, 1642. He had a romantic interest in a woman named Marina Gamba who he did have 3 children with yet never married. This man was a genius and is still remembered for many great achievements.

Where did he get his start?

Galileo started off at the University of Pisa where he got his education. His family moved to Florence later in his childhood where he would end up giving speeches and educational lectures at many different colleges and educational locations. Further in his life, he returned to the University of Pisa as their chair of mathematics in 1589. From there, his discoveries snowballed into the amazing achievements he is known for.

What was he famous for?

The man we know as Galileo was a genius to put it lightly. He was the first man we know that used the telescope to actually study the skies. He mapped the stars and was the first to see the craters on the moon. Galileo also discovered sunspots and tracked the phases of Venus. He proved to the world that the planets moved around the sun instead of everything revolving around Earth, as many people believed. This system was called the Copernican system. Galileo also informally stated the laws that would later be proved to the world by Newton! The Law of Uniformity Acceleration and the Law of Parabolic Fall were both found by Galileo. This man also designed the first pendulum clock on top of all that. As I said before, Galileo Galilei was an absolute genius!

What did people think about him back then?

Back when Galileo was actually alive, people viewed him very differently than we do now. By many, he was called crazy and insane. At one point, he was tried by the Inquisition of Rome and was sentenced to house arrest!

How has he impacted what we know today?

Thanks to Galileo, scientists, as well as everyone over the age of 5, know that the earth revolves around the sun. We also have Galileo to thank for his scientific theories and laws that have impacted modern science, as well as math, theories. Though he did not invent the telescope, Galileo did improve the telescope dramatically. He also discovered things like moon craters and sun spots which was a huge deal then and now!