The Amazing Race

By:Laurence Fairchild

Before you Go

China

Pathogen Name-Severe acute respiratory syndrome/ SARS

Type of Pathogen-Virus

How is it transmitted?-Person to Person


Bora Bora

Pathogen Name-Yellow Fever/ Bungavirus infection

Type of Pathogen-Virus

How is it transmitted?-Insects


Brazil

Pathogen Name-Typhoid/Salmonella Typhi

Type of Pathogen-Bacteria

How is it transmitted?-Contaminated food or drink


Morocco

Pathogen Name-Rabies/Acute Encephalitis

Type of Pathogen-Virus

How is it transmitted?-Through the bite of an infected animal


Galapagos

Pathogen Name-Auopoxivirus

Type of Pathogen-Virus

How is it transmitted?-Animal to animal


Australia

Pathogen Name-Lyme Disease

Type of Pathogen-Bacteria

How is it transmitted?-Animal to animal

Location of each leg of race

China, Asia

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Bora Bora, French Polonesia

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Brazil, South America

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Morocco, Africa

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Galapagos, South America

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Australia, Australia

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Animals Studied

China, Gold Fish

Class- Actinopterygii

Order- Cypriniformes

Scientific Name- Carassius auratus auratus


Adaptations

A goldfish has many adaptations, is for up to three months. Because of this, they can remember the shapes and objects within their environment. It has a dorsal fin which helps the fish stay straight and also has gills, which help the fish extract oxygen from the water and breathe.

Bora Bora, Perch

Class-Actinopterygii

Order-Perciformes

Scientific Name-Perca flavescens



Adaptations

A perch lives in an environment with many predators. It has hard scales, which protect against predators and rocks, and its long fins help it swim around very fast, escaping predators. Its horizontal eyes help it see its environment in almost a full 360 degrees, which is a key factor in being aware of its predators.

Brazil, Mud Puppy

Class-Amphibia

Order-Caudata

Scientific Name-Necturus maculosus



Adaptations

The mudpuppies most important adaptation is the way it blends in with its environment, its grey/brown spotted back helps is blend into the muddy waters, making it almost invisible. Its short feet allow it to crawl along the bottom looking for food, and its long tail and webbed feet let it swim extremely fast.

Morocco, Montpellier Snake

Class- Reptillia

Order- Squamata

Scientific Name- Malpolon monspessulanus


Adaptations


Being able to camouflage its self in it's environment, allows the snake to thrive. Although it has lungs, the snakes ability to swim through water is remarkable. Its keep and adapted sense of smell gives it an idea of what it predator or prey is, before the snake sees it.

Galapagos, Humming Bird

Class- Aves

Order- Apodiformes

Scientific Name- Trochilidae


Adaptations


The hummingbird's long beak and tongue gives it a way to reach the nectar from brightly colored, tubular flowers. Hummingbirds have an excellent memory and can recall any feeding source they have used in the past. A hummingbird's eyes are located on the sides of the head and are very large in comparison to the size of the bird. The location and size of the eyes allow the bird to see both in front and to both sides simultaneously.

Australia, Kangaroo

Class- Mammalia

Order- Diprotodontia

Scientific Name- Macropus rufus


Adaptations


With huge back feet and a long tail as a counter balance, kangaroos can jump up to thirty feet in a single leap. They are built to jump. Kangaroos can also move quickly from side to side. They are very agile, but they cannot jump backward because of their thick, muscular tail. Kangaroos also are able to go for long periods of time without water. They can do this because their digestive tract is able to reabsorb every drop of water from the foods they eat. Kangaroos are marsupials so the females carry the “joeys” in a pouch on the front of their abdomen.

The Reproduction and Niche of animal at each leg

Gold Fish

Reproduction-

Gold fish reproduce by the male and the female sharing their gametes into the surrounding water. They are oviparous, meaning that the eggs develop outside the mother’s body. Gold fish reproductive organs include testes and ovaries.

Niche-

The niche of the goldfish is to eat small organisms and to be food for larger animals.


Mudpuppy

Reproduction-

Mudpuppies reproduce by the male and the female sharing their gametes into the partners reproductive organs.

Niche-

A mudpuppies niche is to eat small invertebrates, and in turn to provide food for larger animals, such as birds, snakes, and other small predators.


Perch

Reproduction-

The perch deposits eggs in the during the spawning seasons. Males attend to these females on heat and fertilize the eggs. After fertilization the eggs can hatch within 6 days.

Niche-

A perches niche is to eat insects, small fish, and sometimes other fish, and to be eaten by larger fish and bigger birds.


Montpellier Snake

Reproduction-

A Montpellier snake reproduces by the male and the female sharing their gametes into the partners reproductive organs.

Niche-

A Montpellier Snakes niche is to reduce the population of rodents, and to be eaten by large birds and small mammals.


Hummingbird

Reproduction-

They reproduce using internal fertilization, because they don't have penis's.

Niche-

A hummingbirds niche is to spread pollen about flowers and trees, and to be eaten by small mammals and larger birds.


Kangaroo

Reproduction-

A kangaroo reproduces by the male and the female sharing their gametes into the partners reproductive organs. It is a marsupial so the baby stays in the mothers pouch.

Niche-

The eat grasses and plants and can withstand the dry and hot conditions of the Out Back.

Journal entry from Bora Bora

On our second stop of the journey we went to Bora Bora, and when we went, we encountered Yellow Fever. Manin contracted the disease and nearly died, we did not have immediate access to th vaccine. Manin was very sick becuase yellow fever affects the liver by not allowing it to process the blood. This leaves toxins in the blood that should not be. This affects homeostasis because an un-proportional amount of white blood cells have to made to kill the toxins. Manin is now okay.
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Sources in APA citation

Mudpuppies, Mudpuppy Pictures, Mudpuppy Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). National Geographic. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/amphibians/mudpuppy/



Hawaii Goldfish - Traveler Photo Contest 2014. (n.d.). National Geographic. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/traveler-magazine/photo-contest/2014/entries/248179/view/


Reptiles & Amphibians of France - Montpellier snake, Malpolon monspessulanus. (n.d.). Reptiles & Amphibians of France - Montpellier snake, Malpolon monspessulanus. Retrieved May 13, 2014, from http://www.herpfrance.com/reptile/montpellier_snake_malpolon_monspessulanus.php


Kangaroo. (n.d.). Kangaroo. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/kangaroo.html