Civil War

By: Jordan Easter

Gettysburg

  • Battle begins on July 1st.
  • Lee planned to assemble his army in the prosperous crossroads town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Two Union cavalry brigades had arrived the previous day
  • On July 2nd, the Union established strong positions from Culp's Hill to Cemetery Ridge
  • The casualty total after two days of fighting was 35,000
  • The Confederacy lost the battle
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Chancellorsville

  • Lasted from April 30-May 6, 1863.
  • Known as "Lee's perfect battle"
  • Jackson, with 30,000 Confederates, would follow a circuitous route to the Union right and from there conduct an attack on that exposed flank.
  • The May 2, 1863 flank attack stunned the Union XI corps and threatened Hooker’s position, but the victorious Confederate attack ended with the mortal wounding of Stonewall Jackson.
  • Lee divided his army into two, because his army was smaller
  • Confederate victory
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Fredricksburg

  • December 11-15, 1862.
  • On Dec. 11, Union engineers laid five pontoon bridges across the Rappahannock under fire.
  • On the 12, Federal army crossed over,
  • On the 13, Burnside mounted a series of futile frontal assaults on Prospect Hill and Marye's Heights that resulted in significant casualties
  • Confederate victory
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Emancipation Proclamation

  • Issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863
  • Abolished slavery in states still in rebellion
  • Changed focus of the war to not only preserve the union, but to end slavery
  • Battle of Antietam provided the necessary Union victory to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
  • The Emancipation Proclamation helped prevent the involvement of foreign nations in the Civil War
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