Etruscans Civilization Exhibit

By: Erise Benavides and Ifu Ibekwe

Introduction

  • Etruscans
  • 800-400 BCE
  • They existed in this time period because they had a large influence on Rome, politics, religion, and entertainment
  • It is located in Northern Italy in Etruria
  • Rome was built on several Hilltops which made it much easier to defend. The river Tiber's also provided a means of transportation and fresh water for the people of Rome.
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Information to cover aspects of civilization

Advanced cities

One of the advanced cities of the Etruscan civilization was Tarquinia. This city was developed because it had impeccable trading power, and wonderful mineral resources. Only small sections of the solid walls of the temples remained.


Another Etruscan city was Vetulonia, and it was developed because it was where the Lictor's Fasces originated. The only remains we're Aerial photographs of its extensive wall system constructed around the 4th century BCE


Another city was Caere. It was developed because it had great trading, and it manufactured in pottery and arts, especially Bucchero dining ware. There are no known remains of this Etruscan city.


The last advanced city of the etruscan civilization was Populonia, it was developed mainly because it was the only Etruscans city directly on the sea, and it melted iron and silvers. The only remains of this city were silver coins and crushed tombs.

Social Structure

The Etruscan social structure was based mainly on religion and wealth. They were 2 social classes. The Patricians were the wealthy landowners, and the plebeians were the common people who could not own land but could own an office. The common people traded and made goods.

Religion

Like the greeks and Romans, the Etruscan religion was polytheistic and superstitious. Tinia was the sky, Uni was his wife, and Cel was the earth goddess. They Also had oracles. Religious institutions such as priests and oracles were present. Religion in the Etruscan civilization was very important, because it was the one thing that held and united all the Etruscans city states together.
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Government

Etruscans used a city state government as their political unit. The civilization was originally divided into 12 city states. Some states switched to a monarchy while some remained oligarchy in the 6th century BCE. Some of the states went to war with each other a couple of times. They also had small confederacies and had a strong military, but in general they had theocracy government, which held the civilization together throughout daily life.

System of writing

The Etruscan system of writing is similar to the greeks, and it was developed as a way for the Etruscans to keep religious documents and political tablets between the states. The reason why we can translate a little of the writing is because of how similar it is to the Greek system of writing. It was also adopted from the Eubean Greek alphabet.

Technology/Contributions

Etruscans were highly skilled at metal work especially bronze weapons. They also developed ships and ports for trading. The most incredible Etruscan development was the water control, and how they irrigated their land controlling the water that came In and out of the civilization. The Etruscans also found new ways to develop roads and bridges. They also made roof tiles, architecture, and building.

Additional features in our exhibit

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Rough Translation:

This temple and (this) statue have been dedicated to Uni / Astarte. Thefariei Velianas, head of the community, donated it for the worship of our peoples. This gift of this temple and sanctuary and the consecration of its boundaries during his three year term in the month of Xurvar(June?) in this way, and in Alsase (July?) this record together with the divinity/statue shall thus be buried by order of the Zilach that the years may outlast the stars.



Analysis

The Etruscans made a signifance in history by their lasting contributions to the architecture of Italy, which were adopted by the Romans and through them became standard to western civilization. The Etruscans also paved a way for the roman military, which adopted the etruscan military organization during the republic.