The Civil Rights Movement
By: Michael Burris
The Battle For Equality
Civil Rights Battle Tactics
Litigation was the second most important tactic used during the civil rights movement. Litigation in the civil rights movement was the use of lawsuits to challenge the Jim Crow laws. This method was used in the Brown vs. Board of education case when a little girls parents sued the school board so she could go to an all white school that was close to her house rather than walking miles to the colored school she attended.
Grassroots organizations were the third most important part/tactic that led to the slow success of colored people earning their rights. Grassroots organizations are organizations of people all working together and sharing their beliefs for a common cause like registering blacks to vote like the freedom riders did. Or even the NAACP whole just helped blacks win rights in general. All in all each one of these tactics played a huge role and each were very successful. These three tactics were the most important in leading blacks to having the rights they have today.
George W. Lee was the first black in memory to register to vote in Humphrey's county Mississippi, where the majority of the population was black. Lee commonly practiced civil disobedience in the form of boycotts and was a part of many legal cases trying to win rights for blacks.
Jimmie Lee Jackson was a civil rights activist who was brutally beaten, shot, and killed by Alabama state troopers while participating in a peaceful voting rights march. His death along with others inspired the Selma to Montgomery marches in March 1965.
James Reeb, Rev. Clark Olsen, and Rev. Orloff Miller were beaten and killed for their support on colored rights, shortly after their participation in a protest in Slema. Tens of thousands of people held vigils in Reeb's honor and Lyndon B. Johnson called reeb's wife and father to express his condulences.