Child Labor Laws

Things you need to know about child labor

General information

The specific purpose of child labor laws is to safeguard children against harm generally associated with child labor, such as exposure to hazardous, unsanitary, or immoral conditions, and overwork.


  • One in six children 5 to 14 years old (about 16 percent of all children in this age group) is involved in child labor in developing countries.
  • In the least developed countries, 30 percent of all children are engaged in child labor.
  • Worldwide, 126 million children work in hazardous conditions, often enduring beatings, humiliation and sexual violence by their employers.
  • The highest proportion of child laborers is in sub-Saharan Africa, where 26 percent of children (49 million) are involved in work.

Child Labor Laws in Georgia

The Georgia Department of Labor monitors the guidelines and restrictions for the employment of youth who have not yet reached their 18th birthday and performs the following functions:
  • Reviews all issued Work Permits to ensure job duties do not appear to be in violation of the law and that the form has been properly completed
  • Conducts inspections of possible law violations
  • Issues Certificates of Consent for minors in entertainment
  • Makes child labor presentations to schools, employers, and other interested parties.

Child Labor Laws in Alabama

Employers who wish to employ people under 18 years of age must obtain the appropriate Child Labor Certificate(s) for each location where people under 18 years of age are employed. A Class I Child Labor Certificate is required for the employment of 14 and 15 year old minors. A Class II Child Labor Certificate is required for the employment of 16 and 17 year old minors.

Child Labor laws in Canada

The Federal Government allows for the employment of children under the age of 17 with the provision that work be “unlikely” to endanger health or safety. Children are not permitted to work between the hours of 11:00 pm to 6:00 am. Employment of children in federally-regulated industries would require permission from a federal Labor Standards Officer.

Child Labor Laws in China

Eighteen is the age of majority in China. Under the Minors Protection Law, “minors” are defined as citizens less than eighteen years old. The civil law of China provides that people above eighteen years old and those from sixteen to eighteen who make a living on their own have full civil conduct capacity. People aged from ten to eighteen have limited capacity of civil conduct, and may only engage in civil activities appropriate to the age range and intellect. People under ten years old have no civil conduct capacity. Unless otherwise indicated, “children” or "minors" hereinafter refers to people under the age of eighteen.