American Indian Education Program
Monthly Newsletter - December 2020
Boozhoo District 196 Teachers!
This month's Indian Education Newsletter will focus on the Dakota People
Background Beadword by: Holly Young (Standing Rock Sioux Tribe)
District 196 - Rosemount, Apple Valley & Eagan Public Schools - is located south of MNÍSOTA WAKPÁ (Minnesota River). To the east is WAKPÁ Tȟáŋka (Mississippi River). In the Dakotah language, MNÍSOTA WAKPÁ translates to Clear Waters and WAKPÁ Tȟáŋka means Great River. At the confluence of these rivers is known as Bdote (where two rivers come together). This is the place of creation for the Dakota People.
We want to acknowledge that our district resides within Mni Sota Makoce - A Dakota Place and that this land has been the homeland of the Dakota people and the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ (Seven Council Fire) for every generation since their creation at Bdote. Mni Sota - the land where waters reflect the clouds - is Dakota land.
We encourage all members of District 196 to join us in learning more about the OYATE (the people), contributions, sovereignty and treaty rights of the Dakota People. District 196 will continue to strengthen our relationship with Mni Sota’s sovereign nations and indigenous communities, families & students.
For further information, please explore the following resources or contact District 196 American Indian Education Staff
From the Dakota Wicohan: The Dakota are the keepers of the eastern door to the greater D/L/Nakota Nation.
The Dakota are comprised of four bands:
- Mdewakanton: The Spirit Lake People
- Sissetonwan: People of the Fish Village(s)
- Wahpetonwan: The People Dwelling Among the Leaves
- Wahpekute: The Shooters Among the Leaves People
Today, in Mni Sota, there are 4 Federally-recognized Dakota communities and 1 non-Federally recognized community:
- Cansa'yapi: Lower Sioux Indian Community
- Tinta Wita: Prairie Island Indian Community
- Mdewakanton: Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community
- Pezihutazizi: Upper Sioux Community
- Mendota Mdewakanton Tribal Community (non-federally recognized community)
Online Resources for Educators
Dakhota Iapi - The Dakota Language
Quick Lesson.... What Dakota Language words to you know?
Dakota ...... Friend or Ally
Oyate ........ the People
Mni ............ Water
Tanka ........ Big
Haha ......... Curling/Ribbon-like
Sota .......... Cloud
Mato ......... Bear
Makhá ...... Earth or Bank (as in land around a lake)
To ............. Blue
Ska ........... White
You have been speaking the Dakota language more often than you realize. Check out the resources below to help with pronunciation.
Online Dakota Language Resources for Teachers:
The Dakota War of 1862 and The Dakota 38 + 2
After the Treaty of 1851, the Dakota are restricted to a reservation along the Minnesota River. The United States creates two primary agencies to administer control and assimilate Dakota people, these are the Upper Sioux and Lower Sioux Agencies.The Untied States breaches the terms of the treaty, failing to provide food and services promised. Local traders refuse to give out food from their stores. With rampant disease, failing crops and starvation threatening, Dakota people revolt against the United States of America.
The War of 1862 begins. Chief Taoyateduta becomes head war chief. Villages are split on the war. A group of Christian converts object to the war, helping local farmers escape attack. Others join the war effort and start attacking local towns and the regional military post, Fort Ridgely. After two months of fighting, the Dakota begin to lose the war. Thousands of non-combatants (women, children, elders) begin to flee Minnesota.
The war ends on December 26th, 1862 with the largest mass hanging in US history. 38 (+ 2) Dakota warriors are executed in Mankato, MN. The state of Minnesota proclaims all Dakota people illegal within its boundaries.
Online Resources for Teachers
- The Dakota 38 + 2 Documentary
- Dakota 38 Memorial & Ride
- MN History Center - The US/Dakota War of 1862
- MN Historical Society/Fort Snelling Website
- 150th Anniversary of the US-Dakota War: Darlene St. Clair (video interview)