Learning Theories & Home Activities

Information for the Parents on Literacy

15 Standards to keep in mind for Literacy

1. Knowledge of Learners 2. Knowledge About Literacy 3. Equity, Fairness, and Diversity

4. Learning Environment 5. Instructional Resources 6. Instructional Decision Making 7. Assessments 8. Integration 9. Reading 10. Writing 11. Listening and Speaking 12. Viewing 13. Collaboration With Families and Communities 14. Teacher as Learner

15. Professional Responsibility

To read more about these characteristics, go to the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards website (http://www.nbpts.org).

Learning Theories

Behaviorism Applications

Child- Centered

  • Basal Readers
  • Mini lessons
  • Worksheets

These Students have Characteristics such as:

Focuses on observable changes in behavior. Views the teacher's role as providing information and supervising practice. Describes learning as the result of stimulus-response actions. Uses incentives and rewards for motivation.

Constructivism Applications


  • Literature focus units
  • K-W-L charts
  • Thematic Units
  • Word sorts

These Students have Characteristics such as:

Describes learning as the active construction of knowledge. Recognizes the importance of background knowledge. Views learners as innately curious. Suggests ways to engage children so they can be successful.



  • Literature circles
  • Shared reading
  • reading and writing workshop
  • Author's chair

These Students have Characteristics such as:

Emphasizes the importance of language and social interaction on learning. Views reading and writing as social and cultural activities. Explains that children learn best through authentic activities. Describes the teacher's role as scaffolding children's learning

Information Processing


  • Guided reading
  • Graphic organizers
  • Grand conversations
  • Interactive writing

These Students have Characteristics such as:

Recommends integrating reading and writing. Views reading and writing as meaning-making processes. Explains that readers' interpretations are individualized. Describes children as strategic readers and writers.

Cueing Systems

Phonological- sound system Syntactic- structural system Sematic- meaning system

Pragmatic- social and cultural use system

Together, these systems make communication possible; children and adults use all four systems simultaneously as they read, write, listen, and talk.

Characteristics of a Classroom Community

*Safety *Respect * High Expectations * Risk-Taking * Collaboration * Choice * Family Involvement

Using these in the classroom and as home can make sure that each students as the same learning environment whether they are learning in the school or at home.

How can you help at home?

* Practice reading and writing high-frequency words * Apply phonics and spelling skills *Provide opportunities for children to share their literacy expertise with family members

*Independent and/or read aloud time at home

Miss Sliger

You can always contact me if you have any questions about your child or the assignments at hand. I can be reach with either my email address or phone number below. Thank You!