Making The Final Connection

Hour 1 Leah Miller

Writing

Over 5 thousand years ago, people living in Mesopotamia developed a form of writing to record and communicate different types of information. The earliest writing was based on pictographs. Pictographs were used to communicate basic information about crops and taxes. Cuneiform was a type of writing for Mesopotamia that has wedged shaped characters.

Art

Mesopotamian people made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets boats, and weapons. They also created works of art meant to glorify the gods and the king. Baskets were one of the most useful items because it could be used for multiple things such as carrying crops back to town, carrying newborns (differently shaped), and most conman, for what we would use backpacks for today, Mesopotamians would carry their personal belongings in baskets as their day goes on.

Religion

Mesopotamian people thought that the gods influenced much of what happened to them in there lives. They also believed in demons created by the gods, which could be good or evil. These different groups are empires because the different beliefs are ruled by different leaders, (the different religions are ruled by different gods).

Technology

The earliest objects were shaped by hammering. The first a model was made out of wax over a clay core. This was covered with more clay and then heated so that the wax melted and ran away. Some objects made are hammers, axes, saws, and weapons.

Stable Food Supply

Mesopotamians maintained stable food supply by maintaining their crops and watering them with irrigation systems. To use animals for plowing Mesopotamians would first have to domesticate the animal. Using animals would get the job done faster than hand picking crop or planting seeds. Mesopotamians also used levees to make sure there crops wouldn't get flooded.

Government

They used chariots, iron weapons, and siege equipment to dominate their enemies. There were different laws for the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. Then there was an assembly of the people who could overrule the king and say, "This is not a good law, get rid of it, or we don't want to go to war, so stop it."

Social Structure

The social structure is the order that Mesopotamians are put into according to popularity. The king/pharaoh were on the top, then government officials, the soldiers, scribes, merchant, farmers, and then slaves, this is different depending on the culture.

Mesopotamia

In conclusion Mesopotamia faces difficulties every day, most from water supply, but Mesopotamians have learned to make technology that makes their life easier. The city in Mesopotamia is built as a ziggurat so enemies and water does not reach them.