Making The Final Connection
Hour 1 Leah Miller
Over 5 thousand years ago, people living in Mesopotamia developed a form of writing to record and communicate different types of information. The earliest writing was based on pictographs. Pictographs were used to communicate basic information about crops and taxes. Cuneiform was a type of writing for Mesopotamia that has wedged shaped characters.
Mesopotamian people made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets boats, and weapons. They also created works of art meant to glorify the gods and the king. Baskets were one of the most useful items because it could be used for multiple things such as carrying crops back to town, carrying newborns (differently shaped), and most conman, for what we would use backpacks for today, Mesopotamians would carry their personal belongings in baskets as their day goes on.
Mesopotamian people thought that the gods influenced much of what happened to them in there lives. They also believed in demons created by the gods, which could be good or evil. These different groups are empires because the different beliefs are ruled by different leaders, (the different religions are ruled by different gods).
Stable Food Supply
Mesopotamians maintained stable food supply by maintaining their crops and watering them with irrigation systems. To use animals for plowing Mesopotamians would first have to domesticate the animal. Using animals would get the job done faster than hand picking crop or planting seeds. Mesopotamians also used levees to make sure there crops wouldn't get flooded.
They used chariots, iron weapons, and siege equipment to dominate their enemies. There were different laws for the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians. Then there was an assembly of the people who could overrule the king and say, "This is not a good law, get rid of it, or we don't want to go to war, so stop it."