Culture in China
Drew L., Sophia S., Grace S.
Culture is the beliefs and ways of life passed down within a specific group. Culture is important to put people into groups, determine their beliefs, and keep organization. The five main aspects of culture are religion, writing, architecture, innovations, and achievements. The four River Valley Civilizations, in particular China were impacted by culture.
The different components of culture had various effects on the people. Religion impacted daily routine, events, and beliefs. For example in China, people believed dead ancestors went to an afterlife and watched over them. Therefore, the people had to spend time and currency to give gifts to the ancestors. Writing affected the ways of communication and the way history was recorded. Architecture, like the Great Wall of China influenced education of science, mathematics, and engineering, along with offering protection. Innovations made life easier and performing tasks more productive. For example, in ancient China the people created compasses to help them place buildings and guide them through voyages. Innovations also formed a wider gap between social classes because the higher the social class, the more and better innovations available. Finally, achievements caused military and economical systems to advance, improve, and gain complexity. Cultural development during the River Valley Civilizations made the largest impact on the people.
The Chinese believed that people go to the afterlife with what they are buried with. The Terracotta Army was buried with Emporer Qin for safety in the afterlife.
Silk was an important innovation for China. China was the only country in the world that knew how to make silk so they could sell it for a lot of money. The Chinese made a lot of money which gave them economical complexity.
An oracle bone was a bone that a religious leader would carve a question into and they believed if they heated it up, the ancestors would answer the question with the cracks in the bone.
The Great Wall
The Great Wall is an important part of Chinese architecture.
Gunpowder made for a more complex military and even fireworks.
The Chinese were able to make great pottery because they made porcelain.
Religious temple for men to worship
Chinese writing consists of more than 50,000 characters. Writing was very important for all four River Valley Civilizations because it allowed for communication over a long distance.
The compass was an important Chinese innovation that created different ways for people to explore.
- The evolution of architecture was important for people to figure out more complex forms of engineering. It also helped them discover different forces of the Earth, and all architecture can only be made with precise mathematical measurements.
- The Chinese made monasteries and temples. These were religious places for people (especially men) to worship.
- The Great Wall is an amazing part of Chinese architecture and it offered the civilization protection from enemies. It was created between 476 and 221 B.C.
- The Chinese studied geometry and they learned this from working on building many different types of architecture.
- The Chinese used geometrical shapes and algebraic expressions to create their buildings and structures.
- All buildings during the Qin dynasty used advanced computation formulas to calculate volume, area, and proportion.
Achievements caused for complexity in economic and military systems.
Written language helped signify the amount of a currency and it let nobles communicate from a distance.
Gunpowder and bronze armor improved military efficiency.
During the Xia dynasty, the Chinese created sophisticated infantries and navies who conquered lots of land.
The compass allowed for a more efficient ways to travel and therefore, helped the Chinese conquer land and helped them establish trade.
The abacus helped the Chinese solve math equations and help them calculate important elements of architecture such as volume and area.