By: Erin Payne

What is PARODY?

Parody is defined as "a work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer’s style." A parody can be an imitation of a particular writer, artist, genre, or any kind of work. The humorous effect of any parody is achieved by imitating and over-stressing noticeable features of the original famous piece.

Parody can often be confused with satire. Although parody can be used to develop satire, it differs from satire to a certain extent. Parody mimics a subject directly to produce a comical effect. Satire, on the other hand, makes fun of a subject without a direct imitation. Moreover, satire aims at correcting shortcomings in society by criticizing them.

Ex.) Take caricatures for example. Caricatures take the physical peculiarities of a person and highlight them to achieve humor. Just look at the caricature of famous physicist Albert Einstein.

So what does it look like?

Look at this excerpt from "Sonnet 130" by William Shakespeare:

“My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun;
Coral is far more red than her lips’ red;
If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun;
If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head.
I have seen roses damasked, red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheeks...”

Here Shakespeare makes a parody to many of the love poems popular to his era. In "Sonnet 130", Shakespeare presents a kind of anti-love poem theme to his piece to mock the outrageous and exaggerated metaphors many poets made towards their lovers during that time. Unlike a love-poem goddess, his mistress does not have eyes like the sun, she does not have red lips nor does she have a white complexion. Her cheeks do not have a rosy color and her hair is not silky smooth. All the cliché qualities were made purposely absent in this speaker's mistress. Such a description allows Shakespeare to mock all the poets who looked for such impossible qualities in their beloved.

Now that you have seen an example, can you think of any parodies you may have seen in media or society?

Now try out this practice!

Below, is the theatrical trailer for Walt Disney Animation Studio's Frozen and Disney's Star Wars: The Force Awakens. Watch the official trailer for the animated film and the action film and then compare to it's corresponding parody below. What humorous elements make the parody different from the actual movie?
Disney's Frozen Official Trailer

Now look at this parody of Disney's Frozen!

If FROZEN Was A Horror Film

Here is the official trailer for Star Wars: The Force Awakens

Star Wars: Episode VII - The Force Awakens Official Teaser Trailer #1 (2015) - J.J. Abrams Movie HD

Now check out the Disney parody of Star Wars: The Force Awakens!


Works Cited

Albert Einstein. 2012.

"Disney's Frozen Official Trailer." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.

"If FROZEN Was A Horror Film." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.

"One True Parody." VoVatia. VoVatia, 24 July 2014. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.

"Parody - Examples and Definition of Parody." Literary Devices. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.

"Star Wars: Episode VII - The Force Awakens Official Teaser Trailer #1 (2015) - J.J. Abrams Movie HD." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.

"STAR WARS: The Force Awakens DISNEY PARODY." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 3 Dec. 2014. <>.