Formative & Summative Assessment

Formative vs Summative: What's the Difference?

"Formative assessments are the preventive check-ups throughout the year; summative assessments are the autopsy." - Dr. Justin Tarte


"Don't take time to assess unless you are going to take action with what you discover." - Rick Wormeli



SUMMATIVE Assessment is assessment OF learning:

  • Summative, final declaration of proficiency, literacy, mastery
  • Grades used
  • Little impact on learning from feedback



FORMATIVE Assessment is assessment FOR learning:

  • Grades rarely used, if ever
  • Provide descriptive feedback to students
  • Share learning goals with students from the beginning
  • Make adjustments in teaching a result of formative assessment data
  • Provide opportunities for student self- and peer-assessment




Wormeli on Assessment

Rick Wormeli: Formative and Summative Assessment

Marzano's Research on Feedback

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Ron Berger: Critique & Descriptive Feedback

critique and feedback - the story of austin's butterfly - Ron Berger
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Books to Read

Articles to Read

Videos to Watch

How Differentiated Instruction and Formative Assessment Work at Forest Lake Elementary