Furnish Period 4 - Group7
- Eldest of three sons
- Born in Massachusetts
- Father continued the Puritan religious tradition as a Congregationalist deacon, as well as farming, serving as a lieutenant in the militia, and serving as a selectman (town councilman)
- Mother was a member of the Boylstons of Brookline (a medical family in the colony)
Role in Colonial Development
- Was a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress
- Helped persuade Congress to declare independence and helped Thomas Jefferson draft the Declaration of Independence
- Assisted in negotiating a peace treaty with Great Britain and obtaining governmental loads from Amsterdam bankers
- Became Washington's vice president and then the second president of the United States
- Federalist Party
- Federalist policies called for a national bank, tariffs, and a strong centralized government
- John Adams was the only Federalist president of the United States
Definition: Citizenship can defined as the moral character of an individual viewed as a member of society; behavior in terms of the duties, obligations, and functions of a citizen.
Statesman, diplomat, and strong advocate of American independence - he wanted freedom from Great Britain
Promoted republicanism and a strong central government
Assisted Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence
- Vice President to George Washington for 2 terms, and second president of the United States
- John Adams was an opponent of the Stamp Act in 1765, and worked to defend colonial rights
- Massachusetts sent Adams to both the first and the second Continental Congress
Integrity is the quality of having strong moral principles and values.
Following George Washington in the line of presidency, John Adams was left a young and fragile nation
In Europe, France and England were at war. John Adam's Federalist Party favored England, but the French government continuously pressured Adams to join, fighting against England.
Rather than pleasing his own party, Adams chose neutrality because another war would severely hurt the new nation's economy and stability.
He sent a delegation to France to appease them despite of their defensive pacts. A new treaty was signed preventing an unnecessary war.
Pressure on Adams to take a stand increased from both the Federalist/France and Democrat-Republican/England parties
As a result of this, John Adams lost his opportunity to run for a second term because he chose what was right rather than what would make him most popular.