Reproductive Health

By: Savannah Parry

Mammograms:

Women get mammograms to see if they have breast cancer. What doctors are really looking for is cysts, calcifications, and/or tumors within the breast. Women should receive their first mammogram at the age of 45, and get them yearly until the age of 54, where they will then get mammograms every 2 years. Every women should get a mammogram. Especially women who have a high risk or family history of breast cancer.
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Pap Smears:

Women get pap smears to see of they have cervical cancer or any STD's. Doctors look to see if the cells in the uterine cervix are unusual in size and shape. Women should get their first pap smear at the age of 21, and then get pap smears every 3 years, and then get them every 5 years after the age of 30. All women should get pap smears, especially ones who have a family history of cervical cancer or and women who have had unprotected sex.
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Testicular Exams:

Men do testicular exams to check if they have testicular cancer. They look for painful lumps or enlarged testicles. They might even get a blood test to make sure that their tumor marker levels are stable. These checks are mainly self- examined every month starting at the age of 15. Every man should do monthly self-exams.
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Prostate Exams:

Men get prostate exams to check if they have prostate cancer. Doctors look for hard, lumpy or abnormal areas. Men should get their first prostate exam around the age of 50, but men with a higher risk should get one earlier. Men with a higher risk or family history or prostate cancer should get this exam.

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