Northern Coniferous Forests

By Mitchell Peterson

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Coniferous Forest in Northern Minnesota, Eagle Mountain, MN

1. This forest is located in northern Minnesota.

2. Abiotic Factors: Climate- the temperature is cool and moist. Moisture by summer rains and winter snows. The soil is good for the types of trees that reside in this biome. The soil is not very rich because of the glaciers that were once there, and the trees don't shed there leaves or pines often.

3. Relationships between abiotic and biotic factors: The sun gives of energy to the plants and trees through photosynthesis were the trees convert sunlight into energy for life. Another abiotic to biotic would be the water and streams give life sustaining nutrients to the plants and trees and all of the animals in the biome. A biotic to abiotic factor would be the animals drinking water from the streams and lakes of the forest.

4. Biotic organisms: Pine trees: spruce (Picea), fir (Abies), and tamarack (Larix laricina). These trees are the dominant plant type that reside in the coniferous forest. Some of the animals that live in this biome are, wolves (Canis lupis), black bears (Ursus americanus), foxes (Vulpini), and moose (Alces alces).

5. Glaciers also play a big role in the biome the coniferous forest was formed by glaciers. Part of that is why the soil is so thin.

6. Storms and fire. They both happen generally in a sequence were there would be a storm or tornado that would knock down many pines than a fire would rage through the forest and then later on through the ashes a new forest would come alive.

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Grey Wolf

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Black Bear

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