Charles the first


About Charles

Charles the first was born on November 30, 1600 in Dunfermline, Scottland. He died at age 50 on January 30, 1649 in London England. Charles was known as the King of Great Briton & Ireland. He started a horrific war in England

Getting to know the King

Second Stuart king of England; reigned 1625 to 1649; second son of James VI of Scotland (became James I of England, 1603) and Anne of Denmark; b. 1600, in Dunfermline, Scotland; executed, Jan. 30, 1649, in Whitehall, London, England. Charles was the younger of James's two sons, and became heir apparent to the thrones of Scotland and England when his older brother Henry died of typhus in November 1612.

Charles achieved goals

He turned up at parliament and imprisoned seven men and eventually caused a civil war - the parliamentarians V the royalists. Charles was reserved (he had a residual stammer), self-righteous and had a high concept of royal authority, believing in the divine right of kings. Charles found other ways of raising money. Another scheme involved selling monopoly rights to businessmen.

Governing & Policies

The problem was that this approach was fundamentally at odds with an English political tradition based on bargain and compromise. Charles's preference for a world in which power was confined to the king, a virtuous elite of court nobles and the bishops in the church was not shared by his subjects; however, this was not something which overly concerned him.