New Patterns of Thought
Secularism, Humanism, Individualism, Skepticism
Never heard of it
Secularism and Christianity
Humanism: Early Humanists
Art and Literature
When religion playing a role in literature, they would spend time searching for religious manuscripts. And men start to involved in literature and use example of arts to be inspired and as a study guide for their own work. The famous writer would be Shakespeare, his commitment to individual liberty is one of the key reasons for still reading his literature today.
Individualism was seen as selfish in nowadays, because personal value and individual interest is above public and others. To achieve a personal goal, it can even harm the interests of public and others.