The First Amendment

By:Marc Anthony Musa

Constitution Text

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
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Freedom of Speech

The first amendment is one of the most important amendment. One of the topics that it states is freedom of speech. Freedom of speech gives you the power to express your opinion and ideas. There are also some limitations to this power because you can not just yell bomb in a airport because that can harm them and make people very scared. But, what you can do is express your opinion about a president and many other things. For example I could say Barack Obama is a bad president because that is not harming anybody. Freedom of Speech also protects you if you voice your opinion through movies,songs,photographs, and paintings or any other form of communication. Throughout the history the government didn't allow freedom of speech because it would threaten their power and lead to social disorder. One modern event that uses freedom of speech was in Des Moines when two kids decided to wear a black armband to protest for the Vietnam war. But, the principal said that they cant wear it. I think that is not right because that is freedom of speech and they are just protesting and using freedom of speech. Freedom of speech was put into the constitution because the framers of the constitution believed that people should be able to express their opinions because over in England the king would accuse you of treason if you talked bad about him.
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Freedom of Religion

Freedom of Religion allows you to worship,teach,and practice the religion that you believe in and not be harmed for it. Freedom of Religion was put into the constitution because the framers believed that you should be able to worship whatever god you want to and not one that you don't want to worship. People use freedom of religion by worshiping whatever religion they want to. I think that you should be able to worship whatever religion you want because you should be able to believe in whatever god you want to and not what other people want you to believe in. One of the current cases are from the Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith, is a United State Supreme court case that determined that the state could deny unemployment benefits to a person fired for violating a state prohibition on the use of peyote, even though the use of the drug was part of a religious ritual.


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Freedom of Press

Freedom of the press is the freedom of communication through electronic media and published material. Freedom of press was put into the constitution because people felt the need to be able to put what they want in the newspaper and communication devices. One current case of freedom of press was when two reporters from San Francisco named William and Wada were sentenced to 18 months in prison for contempt of court after publishing secret grand jury testimony and refusing to give up the source who leaked the information. I think that they should not have sentenced them to 18 months because we should encourage people to give information and if they tell their names they could get killed.




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Freedom to Assemble

Freedom to Assemble means to come together and collectively express, promote, and defend common interest. Freedom to Assemble was put into the constitution because the framers wanted people to talk about their opinions on topics and they couldn't do that back in England. One of the current cases involved De Jonge, he was convicted for conducting a public meeting under the auspices of the Communist Party. De Jonge had not advocated any illegal activity or criminal doctrine. The U.S. Supreme Court reversed his conviction as unnecessarily restrictive of his freedom of speech and right of peaceable assembly. I think that you should be able to meet in groups because you could talk about things with other people and get other opinions on things and also you can come together as a group and discuss things that you don't like in the society and other things and change them because you are able to bounce ideas off other people.
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Right to Petition

The Right to Petition is the right to make a complaint to, or look for the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment. Historically the right to petition was put into the constitution by the founding fathers because they knew there needed to be a relationship between the government and the governed regarding their complaints that they thought the government needed to be aware of. Currently the supreme court has upheld the right to petition. An example of this is United States vs. Grace where the supreme court said handing out leaflets and carrying picket signs on public sidewalks was protected by the first amendment. I agree with the Right to Petition because I feel that all people should be able to voice their opinion as a group and demonstrate their cause for others to see.

Understanding the First Amendment of the US Constitution

Amendment Two

Constitution Text

“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

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General Summary

The second amendment of the constitution says that people have the right to bear arms. The right to bear arms was put in the constitution because the framers thought that people should be armed to protect themselves and also in a case of a war. One of the examples involving the second amendment was the Newtown shooting in Connecticut. In this case a man named Adam Lanza went into a school and shot twenty-six innocent kids with an assault rifle. I think that people should be able to own a less destructive gun like a pistol to protect themselves but, not own a very destructive gun like a rifle. I think that rifles should only be used in the army because it is not necessary to own one if you are not in the army because it has a very rapid fire rate.
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"The Sing-Along Second Amendment" by Roy Zimmerman